Reminder, Bison Are Wild Animals
Windmill Pasture is home to the bison herd. They have been quite active in recent weeks. Please stay on the trails and use caution in their vicinity. Do not come in close contact with the bison. Allow at least 100 yards between you and the herd. More »
Environmental Factors at the Preserve
The present prairie ecosystem is influenced and impacted by several different environmental factors. Airborne pollution rides in on the prairie wind from metropolis and industrial areas. The water quality of the many lakes, streams and tributaries can be compromised by runoff from pesticides used in agriculture.
For thousands of years, climate and drainage patterns of the Flint Hills geology nurtured the prairie grasses and forbs. Consequentially, these forces created features that were integral in supporting animal and human life. Drawn to the land by its rich natural resources, humans used the bounty they found here to further shape the land.
Did You Know?
Cattle can gain up to 2 pounds per day grazing on the prairie grasses of the Flint Hills. The calcium found in the limestone erodes into the soil, making the prairie plants more nutritious for grazing animals. Cattle grazing is still the main agricultural use of the Flint Hills today.