Sustainable Buildings Implementation Plan
In June 2008, the Department of Interior issued the Sustainable Buildings Implementation Plan (DOI SBIP) in response to Executive Order 13423 Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management. It is being revised to incorporate requirements in Executive Order 13514 Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance, and the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. In response, the NPS developed the Sustainable Buildings Implementation Plan (NPS SBIP). The NPS SBIP improves the Service’s policy and practice in the following five areas:
- Design and construction of buildings (new and renovation)
- Operations and maintenance of existing buildings
- Leasing practices for buildings
- Concessioner operation and management of buildings
- Disposition of unneeded buildings
The NPS SBIP states that all new construction and major renovation of bureau buildings must comply with the Guiding Principles for Federal Leadership in High Performance and Sustainable Buildingsset forth in the 2006 Federal Leadership in High Performance and Sustainable Buildings Memorandum of Understanding. The NPS SBIP identifies the requirement from Executive Order 13514 that by the end of fiscal year 2015, 15 percent of agency buildings 5,000 square feet or larger meet the Guiding Principles. For the NPS this would be approximately 252 existing buildings along with 27 new buildings and direct leases. The 2010 Sustainable Buildings Report (to DOI) estimates that there will be approximately 1,859 buildings in the NPS inventory that will be equal to or greater than 5,000 square feet.
The Guiding Principles represent an agreed upon set of sustainable buildings guidance between all Executive Branch Departments, including DOI. The five major categories in the Guiding Principles are:
- Employ integrated design principles
- Optimize Energy Performance
- Protect and Conserve Water
- Enhance Indoor Environmental Quality
- Reduce Environmental Impact of Materials
Through implementation of the NPS SBIP, the NPS will achieve greater energy efficiency, reduce the consumption of natural resources, provide healthier buildings and workplaces, reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and generate a lower total cost of facility ownership (TCFO) for buildings. The estimated cost for improvements to the 279 buildings is $234 million (above typical spending). To further demonstrate its leadership in sustainability, the NPS will seek to incorporate the applicable Guiding Principles in all projects of any size, including non-building projects.
NPS is already well on its way to achieving the lofty goals of the NPS SBIP. The SOCC in conjunction with the NPS’s Construction Program out of the Denver Service Center, is helping parks build, track and maintain more sustainable buildings and sites by developing a database of NPS buildings that currently meet, or will comply with, federal regulations and federal sustainability criteria. Additionally, the SOCC is helping parks to identify ways to build and retrofit buildings to be more sustainable. The NPS SBIP also identifies roles and responsibilities throughout the service to ensure greater sustainability in all NPS buildings. Many of the activities in this program relate directly to the organizational goals for sustainable buildings outlined in the NPS Green Parks Plan.
|Level*||Number of Projects|
Over the years, many parks have been working to ensure their buildings are more sustainable and have used the USGBC Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) criteria to track and document that effort. Between 2004 and 2010, 28 park buildings have achieved various levels of LEED certification. There are an additional 25 buildings currently going through the LEED certification process, and 8 buildings that have been built to LEED standards but did not acquire certification. The certification level, with Platinum as the highest level of achievement, is based on meeting prerequisites and successfully achieving criteria in the areas of Sustainable Sites, Water Efficiency, Energy and Atmosphere, Materials and Resources, and Indoor Environmental Quality.