• Bombs bursting in air over Baltimore in 1813

    War of 1812

Stories of the War of 1812

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  • Political cartoon of King George III and Napoleon robbing Thomas Jefferson

    Becoming American

    The post-Revolutionary generation strove to develop an independent republic, free from lingering influence from Great Britain

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  • Political cartoon of US, France and Great Britain negotiating

    A Republic in an Age of Empires

    American ambitions for the North American continent ran up against conflicting Native, British and French imperial interests

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  • Americans and Indians negotiate a treaty

    Native Nations

    As Americans pushed ever westward into Native territory, new Native alliances were formed against a common adversary

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  • British sailors attack Americans aboard a ship in this comedic cartoon

    Free Trade and Sailors' Rights

    This handy motto distilled the meanings of the War of 1812 and grievances against Great Britain for many Americans

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  • Painting of Battle of New Orleans highlighting people of color

    Choosing Sides

    It was the closest vote in American history, yet the difficult decisions surrounding the war extended far beyond Washington

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  • British soldiers in red coats charging at Americans holding muskets


    Thomas Jefferson's 1812 assessment that this conflict would result in easy victory for the United States was entirely wrong

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  • Columbia and Britannia holding hands in front of white flag

    ...and Peace?

    The Treaty of Ghent ushered in the formal end of the War of 1812, but complications surrounding war and peace lingered

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