Point Lookout State Park is the location of 4 significant sites related to the Underground Railroad Network to Freedom. The first site is the location of a Civil War Hospital, Hammond Hospital. Hammond's nurses and doctors assisted with the flight of several MD bondsmen who were not protected by the Emancipation Proclamation. Abolitionist Abigail Hopper Gibbons protected and smuggled several slaves to freedom from here. The second site is the location of the contraband camp just outside the prison. Here thousands of runaway African Americans from VA took refuge in MD under the protection of Federal authorities who were not required to return them to their masters across the Potomac River. The third site is the location of the Prisoner of War Camp for Confederates where units of the USCT served as guards during the war. The irony of African Americans guarding their former masters was not lost on the Confederate prisoners and caused much unrest in the prison. The fourth site is a viewshed of Point Lookout Creek, where on April 15, 1848, a ship named The Pearl carrying 77 freedom seekers stopped to wait out a storm and as a consequence, the runaways were caught.
Visitor Information: Currently open to public.
Location: 11175 Point Lookout Road, Scotland, Calvert, 20687
National Park Unit: No
Ownership: MD Dept of Natural Resources
Location Type: Site
People/Organizations Associated with the site: Civil War,Contraband United States Colored Troops
Freedom Seekers: Charlotte Bet
UGRR Operatives: Abigail Hopper Gibbons,John Stearns,Lucretia Mott,Mary and Emily Edmunson,William Chaplin