Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum (JPPM) is a MD state museum of history and archaeology whose mission is to preserve, research, and interpret the diverse cultures of the Chesapeake Bay region. Located in Calvert Co. on a 560-acre property along the Patuxent River and St. Leonard Creek, it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Battle of St. Leonard Creek, a large War of 1812 naval engagement, took place where the Patuxent River meets the mouth of St. Leonard Creek, right off the shore of JPPM.. Charles Ball, a Calvert Co. resident who wrote a narrative of his life in enslavement and his escape to freedom in the North, described fighting in this battle in his book, Slavery in the United States: A Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Charles Ball. A large portion of the property that is now JPPM was owned by George Peterson at the beginning of the Civil War. According to the 1850 census, Peterson enslaved 16 people. At least two of them, William Coates and William Jones, enlisted in the USCT and were freed.
Visitor Information: Currently open to public.
Location: 10515 Mackall Road, St. Leonard, 20685
Website: Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum
National Park Unit: No
Location Type: Site
Freedom Seekers: William Coates,William Jones