Hampton National Historic Site, a premier example of Georgian architecture and landscape design, was once the center of a vast Maryland land holding that was a remarkable commercial, industrial and agricultural estate forged with indentured and enslaved labor. Hampton reflects a central irony in U.S. history – that a nation newly created on the principles of equality and freedom could accept the institution of slavery. National events and social change – the Revolution, establishment of a new economy, slavery, the Civil War, Emancipation, and Reconstruction – are reflected by the site’s cultural resources, an unmatched and comprehensive assemblage of structures, landscapes, collections, and archives, preserved by one family over ten generations. This exceptional ensemble is an unusually complete chronicle that reveals the daily activities of the Ridgely family, laborers and slaves, and illustrates 18th and 19th century history and design. Documentation in the form of runaway slave advertisements, court records, correspondence, and family histories that people enslaved at Hampton tried, and in some cases succeeded, in following the Underground Railroad to freedom.
Visitor Information: Currently open to public.
Location: Hampton NHS, 535 Hampton Lane, Towson, 21286
National Park Unit: Yes
Ownership: Gay Vietzke
Location Type: Site