Fort Raleigh National Historic Site is located on Roanoke Island, North Carolina. In 1862, under the command of General Ambrose E. Burnside, Union forces took control of the Outer Banks with the battle of Roanoke Island, and used the captured land to provide protection and freedom for runaways. Roanoke Island soon became known as a place of refuge for those who sought protection of the Union Army. Although some freedom seekers continued their journey northward, many of the refugees remained on the island. The number of "contraband" grew to exceed available housing, and to remedy this siutation General John G. Foster appointed Reverend Horace James, an army chaplain from Massachusetts, to establish a camp for runaways. This camp--Freedmen's Colony of Roanoke Island--came to serve as a model for future colonies, such as the one established in New Bern, North Carolina.
Visitor Information: Currently open to public.
Location: National Park Service, 1401 National Park Drive, Manteo, 27959
National Park Unit: Yes
Ownership: Lawrence Belli, Supt.
Location Type: Site