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Spring Hill Historic House

As the United States expanded westward from its roots along the Atlantic, settlers in Ohio became pioneers not only of the frontier. They also were at the fore of lofty ambitions such as the abolition of slavery and the Underground Railroad. Indispensable to the burgeoning movement opposing slavery were Quakers such as Thomas and Charity Rotch whose home, Spring Hill, became a station on the Underground Railroad. George Duncan, a fugitive slave who came to know freedom by way of Spring Hill, wrote to Thomas Rotch following his delivery to northern Ohio. “I arrived safe in Bainbridge Geauga County,” he advised, “where I put up … and I am treated extremely well by the people.” Primary sources such as Duncan’s letter (part of the Rotch-Wales collection at the Massillon Public Library) testify to the involvement of the Rotch homestead in the Underground Railroad during its nascent stage of development. A place where confrontation between abolitionist and slave hunter once transpired, Spring Hill now is a home on the National Register of Historic Places and also is recognized by the Friends of Freedom Society and the Ohio Underground Railroad Association as an Underground Railroad site.

Visitor Information: Currently open to public.

Location: 1401 Spring Hill Lane NE, Massillon, 44646

National Park Unit: No

Ownership: Massillon Museum Fdn Laura Klein, Mgr

Location Type: Site

Freedom Seekers: George Duncan

UGRR Operatives: Thomas and Charity Rotch

Religious Denominations: Quaker