Ferry Hill Plantation, part of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park, is situated along the Potomac River and the canal between Sharpsburg, Maryland and Shepherdstown, West Virginia. Its owners never enslaved large numbers of African Americans -- the maximum was 18 in 1839 at the death of Colonel John Blackford. Enslaved labor, however, was frequently augmented with free white and black workers or hired enslaved people. Those enslaved individuals living at Ferry Hill had frequent contact with free and enslaved kin living elsewhere. In the 1820s and 1830s the river and canal were major corridors of transportation, even for freedom seekers. The family owning the site in those decades records in their journals two captures of runaways who were taken to the Hagerstown Jail. For one set of 5 runaways, the captor received a bounty of $200.
Visitor Information: Currently open to public.
Location: Chesapeake & Ohio Canal NHP, 1850 Dual Highway, Suite 100, Hagerstown, Washington, 21742
National Register/National Historic Landmark Status: Ferry Hill Plantation House
National Park Unit: Yes
Ownership: Park Superintendent
Location Type: Site
People/Organizations Associated with the site: Franklin Blackford (Slave Catcher),John Blackford (Slave Catcher)
Freedom Seekers: James Curry