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Freedmen’s Aid Workers Site

The Freedmen’s Aid Workers Site on South Washington Street in Alexandria, Virginia, was built in the mid-1850s as a wedding present for Elisha Miller by his father, the merchant Robert Hartshorne Miller. At the beginning of the Civil War, the Union occupied Alexandria for strategic reasons, because the city is located across the Potomac River from Washington. When the pro-South Miller family fled at the occupation of Alexandria by Union troops, the Union government confiscated their house for use. The Freedmen’s Aid Workers Site is significant to the Underground Railroad for its association with refugees from slavery (freedmen) and freedmen’s aid relief workers during the Civil War. The most outstanding among the relief workers were Julia Wilbur and Harriet Jacobs. Harriet Jacobs is known as a freedom seeker and author of Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. A Quaker, Julia Wilbur was a reformer from New York State. Although their residence was relatively brief, 1863-1865, this is the best place in Alexandria to commemorate their activities.

Visitor Information: Currently not open to public.

Location: 323 South Washington St., Alexandria, 22314

National Park Unit: No

Ownership: Sumpter Priddy

Location Type: Site