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Old Town of Halifax

The antebellum-era town of Halifax, NC, was a major destination for freedom seekers. Although the Roanoke River was clearly an UGRR waterway route, the river is not the only reason for escape activity to and from Halifax. Halifax had one of the largest free Black communities in North Carolina, had a large skilled class of enslaved artisans, and existed in close proximity to an actively, abolitionist Quaker population. Based on the number of runaway slave ads indicating the town of Halifax as a final destination, one can conclude that Halifax provided a safe refuge for freedom seekers. Approximately 59 runaway slave advertisements from 1791 to 1840 were posted for 70 freedom seekers running to the town of Halifax. Slave owners specified in the runaway ads that slaves ran to the town of Halifax for several reasons, as listed: having a trade, being known in Halifax; attempting to pass as free; visiting a friend or relative; being hidden by someone in Halifax; having been caught once before in Halifax; etc. The UGRR in Halifax clearly represents the confluence of many communities, slave and free, along with the geographic identifiers of Halifax's border river, the Roanoke.

Visitor Information: Currently open to public.

Location: Historic Halifax State Historic Site, 25 Saint David St, Halifax, Halifax, 27839

National Park Unit: No

Ownership: Monica Moody

Location Type: Site