At the Appomattox Plantation at City Point, a unit of Petersburg National Battlefield, enslaved African Americans owned by the Eppes family escaped during the Civil War. In 1862, 106 of Richard Eppes' slaves escaped from the three counties in which he owned land. Among those who escaped from his properties in Prince George County were Jenny Oldham, George Oldham, Madison Ruffin, Edward Oldham, Sally Lewis, Harriet Ruffin, Steward Slaughter, Solomon Morris, Charles Davis, Henry Corsen, Jim Booker, Archer Lewis, James Spratley, Toby Bird, Patience Bird, Frank Lewis, Dilsy Slaughter, Jane Booker, Nancy Thompson, Paulina Ruffin, Richard Slaughter, Louisa Slaughter, Charlotte Cary, Agnes Ruffin, John Ruffin, Samuel Ruffin, Fanny Corn, Indianna Ruffin, Ida Booker, and Lavania Bird.
Dr. Richard Eppes was in America's top 1% of the plantation elite, by owning 130 enslaved people, and one of the wealthiest men in the country.
From 1635 when Frances Eppes claimed this property based on the headrights of indentured people he brought from England - five of this group were black servants, to the end of the Civil War, there are stories of escape, resistance, freedom, and citizenship that connected the beginning of slavery in this country to its physical and Constitutional demise.
Visitor Information: Currently open to public.
Location: Appomattox Plantation, 1001 Pecan Ave, Hopewell, Prince George, 23860
Contact Information: 804-732-3571 (main phone)
Website: Appomattox Plantation
National Park Unit: Yes
Ownership: Lewis Rogers
Location Type: Site
People/Organizations Associated with the site: Civil War,Richard Eppes (Owner)
Freedom Seekers: Agnes Ruffin,Archer Lewis,Charles Davis,Charlotte Cary,Dilsy Slaughter,Edward Oldham,Fanny Corn,Frank Lewis,George Oldham,Harriet Ruffin,Henry Corsen,Ida Booker,Indianna Ruffin,James Spratley,Jane Booker,Jenny Oldham,Jim Booker,John Ruffin,Lavania Bird,Louisa Slaughter,Madison Ruffin,Nancy Thompson,Patience Bird,Paulina Ruffin,Richard Slaughter,Sally Lewis,Samuel Ruffin,Solomon Morris,Steward Slaughter,Toby Bird