On August 23, 1848, at his property at 45-47 South Queen Street, attorney Thaddeus Stevens (1792-1868) assisted several freedom seekers from Maryland, guiding the group seven miles east to the next Underground Railroad outpost, the farm of Daniel and Hannah Gibbons at the Village of Bird-in-Hand.
The previous year, 1847, while he was a well-known attorney at this location, Stevens paid agents to infiltrate the ranks of slave catchers operating in Lancaster County. He thwarted their plans by alerting Underground Railroad activists before the bounty hunters arrived to capture their targets.
Also in the 1840s and 1850s, Stevens' Caledonia Iron Works in Franklin County, PA, provided employment and support for African Americans through the agency of his superintendent and other Underground Railroad operatives in Franklin and Adams Counties.
As Lancaster County's U.S. Congressman, Stevens served as co-counsel to defendants charged with treason in connection with the Christiana Resistance, which occurred on September 11, 1851.
As Lancaster Congressman, Stevens was an avowed Abolitionist and Constitutional scholar, playing key roles enacting major civil rights Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. The "Old Commoner" was one of the prime movers of Reconstruction and the leading advocate for the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson, whom he regarded as too lenient towards the rebellious South.
Visitor Information: Currently open to public.
Location: 45-47 South Queen St, Lancaster, 17602
National Park Unit: No
Ownership: Kevin Frye
Location Type: Site
UGRR Operatives: Thaddeus Stevens