Pennsylvania's anti-slavery Congressman and Underground Railroad activist Thaddeus Stevens also was an industrialist who owned Caledonia Iron Furnace in eastern Franklin County, beginning in 1837. This charcoal-fired iron furnace complex employed free persons of African descent and also served as a station along one of the state's well-traveled corridors of the UGRR. In the early 20th century, Hiram E. Wertz publicly described his UGRR involvement with Steven's superintendent at Caledonia Furnace, William Hammett, and businessman Robert Black III. A resident and shopkeeper in the Village of Greenwood, two miles west of Caledonia, Black aided residents of the nearby enclave called "Africa", just south of his properties in Greenwood on US Route 30. Here, Wertz turned over freedom seekers he led by night from his family farm eight miles south in the Village of Quincy. In late June of 1863, Confederate troops destroyed Caledonia Iron Works on their way to Gettysburg, in part because Stevens' ownership of the works and his anti-slavery efforts.
Visitor Information: Currently open to public.
Location: Caledonia State Park, 101 Pine Grove Rd, Fayetteville, 17222
National Park Unit: No
Ownership: Bruce McFate
Location Type: Site
UGRR Operatives: Thaddeus Stevens