The Gorsuch Tavern, also called Gorsuch Homestead, is in Verona, Baltimore County, Maryland. In 1851, the tavern was the gathering place where various Gorsuch relatives met and set off for Christiana in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, to recapture enslaved African Americans from the Edward Gorsuch place, “Retreat Farm,” across the road and west of the tavern. It is the best site in Baltimore County to commemorate the story of a significant escape from slavery and the effort of a master to recapture his bondsmen by force. This confrontation resulted in a celebrated trial in Philadelphia that inflamed the tensions already existing between north and south after the compromise of 1850. With the aid of the U. S. Deputy Marshal, the Gorsuch party tracked down the whereabouts of the runaways in Christiana. When the Gorsuch party arrived in Christiana, they encountered armed resistance to taking the freedom seekers back to Maryland; at an obviously planned signal, a biracial group came to the rescue of the freedom seekers and their host. In the ensuing fracas on the stairway of a farmhouse hideaway on September 9, Edward Gorsuch was killed and Dickinson (his son) was wounded.
Visitor Information: Currently not open to public.
Location: 15910 York Road, Verona, 21152
National Park Unit: No
Ownership: David T. Warfield
Location Type: Site
People/Organizations Associated with the site: Dickinson Gorsuch (Slave Catcher),Edward Gorsuch (Slave Catcher)
Freedom Seekers: Joshua Kite,Nelson (MD, 1851),Noah Buley,Samuel Johnson