The John Gill Craven Home was a link in the Underground Railroad's large operation that was being conducted in Lancaster, Indiana. John Gill Craven was the son of Thomas Craven and helped his father start the Eleutherian Institute in 1848 that became Eleutherian College in 1854. John Gill Craven was the Principal and ran the College for several years. Since the school was an "abolition school", open to all regardless of color, and situated only a few miles from slave territory, it excited the bitter opposition of pro-slavery people, many of whom lived in that part of the state where the school was situated. John Gill Craven and James and Lucy Nelson were arrested by Wright Rae, the Sheriff of Jefferson County Indiana, under the 1850 Fugitive Slave Law. John and Martha Craven opened their home to black students and helped many freedom seekers to freedom. George DeBaptiste was living in the "Georgetown District" in Madison, Indiana, and brought many freedom seekers to Lancaster, Indiana, calling this area the "New England Settlement" where the underground railroad was always ready.
Visitor Information: Currently open to public.
Location: 6927 W. State Road 250, Madison, 47250
National Park Unit: No
Ownership: Historic Eleutherian College, Inc.
Location Type: Site
People/Organizations Associated with the site: Wright Rae (Sheriff)
UGRR Operatives: James Nelson,John Gill Craven,Lucy Nelson,Martha Wilson Craven