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Timeline: 1861 - 1870

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1861    


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1862






 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1863

 

 

 

 






 

1864

 

 

 

1865

 

 

 

 

1868

 

1870

BEGINNING OF CIVIL WAR WHEN SOUTH CAROLINA FIRES ON FORT SUMTER
 
MAJOR-GENERAL BENJAMIN B. BUTLER REBUFFS SLAVEHOLDERS AND DECLARES RUNAWAYS AT FORTRESS MONROE, VIRGINIA, TO BE CONTRABANDS OF WAR
 
FIRST CONFISCATION ACT DECLARES FLEEING AFRICAN AMERICANS TO BE CONTRABANDS OF WAR
 
CAMP NELSON BECOMES USCT RECRUITMENT CENTER AND REFUGE FOR FLEEING CONTRABANDS
 
HARRIET JACOBS PUBLISHES INCIDENTS IN THE LIFE OF A SLAVE GIRL IN BOSTON
 
PRESIDENT LINCOLN SIGNED THE COMPENSATED EMANCIPATION ACT, WHICH FREED ALL SLAVES IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
 
SECOND CONFISCATION ACT DECLARES CONTRABAND REACHING UNION ARMY LINES TO BE FREE
 
FIRST KANSAS VOLUNTEERS RECRUITED
 
WILLIAM GOULD ESCAPES DOWN THE CAPE FEAR RIVER, NORTH CAROLINA, TO THE UNION NAVY
 
TO GAIN HIS FREEDOM ROBERT SMALLS SURRENDERS THE PLANTER TO UNION FORCES IN CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA
 
WEST VIRGINIA ADMITTED TO UNION AS FREE STATE
 
MILITIA ACT WHICH AUTHORIZES FREEDOM IN RETURN FOR MILITARY SERVICE FOR ENEMY-OWNED BONDSMEN
 
EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION
 
FREEDMAN'S VILLAGE ESTABLISHED ON ROBERT E LEE'S ESTATE, ARLINGTON, VIRGINIA, TO HOUSE REFUGEES FROM SLAVERY
 
FIFTY-FOURTH USCT FROM MASSACHUSETTS SHOWS BRAVERY DURING ATTACK ON FORT WAGNER
 
ARMY ESTABLISHES FREEDOM COLONY AT FORT RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA
 
NEW YORK DRAFT RIOTS
 
LINCOLN PUTS FORTH RECONSTRUCTION PLAN FOR SOUTH
 
LINCOLN SIGNS REPEAL OF 1850 FUGITIVE SLAVE ACT
 
BUREAU OF REFUGEES, FREEDMEN, AND ABANDONED LANDS ESTABLISHED
 
SURRENDER AT APPOMATOX COURTHOUSE, VA
 
ASSASSINATION OF PRESIDENT LINCOLN
 
MISSISSIPPI ENACTS A BLACK CODE
 
RATIFICATION OF THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT
 
FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT
 
FIFTEENTH AMENDMENT