National Park Service

State of the Park Reports

State of the Park Report for Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument

Park Infrastructure

Columnar Cactus Habitat at Organ Pipe Cactus NM
Columnar Cactus Habitat at Organ Pipe Cactus NM

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The Status and Trend symbols used in the summary table below and throughout this report are summarized in the following key. The background color represents the current condition status, the direction of the arrow summarizes the trend in condition, and the thickness of the outside line represents the degree of confidence in the assessment. In some cases, the arrow is omitted because data are not sufficient for calculating a trend (e.g., data from a one-time inventory or insufficient sample size).

Condition Status Trend in Condition Confidence in
Assessment
Condition of resource warrants significant concern Warrants Significant Concern Condition is improving Condition is Improving High confidence in the assessment High
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern Warrants Moderate Concern Condition is unchanging Condition is Unchanging Medium confidence in the assessment Medium
Resource is in good condition Resource is in Good Condition Condition is deteriorating Condition is Deteriorating Low confidence in the assessment Low

Examples of how the symbols should be interpreted:

Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment.
Overall Facility Condition Index Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. Brief - Overall Facility Condition Index
The National Park Service uses a facility condition index (FCI) to indicate the condition of its facilities and infrastructure. FCI is the cost of repairing an asset, such as a building, road, trail, or water system, divided by the cost of replacing it. The lower the FCI number, the better the condition of the asset. The overall FCI for 187 assets at Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument for FY12 was 0.061, which is considered Good based on industry and NPS standards. The table below summarizes the number of assets at ORPI within each industry-standard asset category and the mean FCI on October 1, 2012, compared to October 1, 2008, to determine trends in condition. Please note that park infrastructure dating from the historic era have been assessed separately and are not included in this section; for more information regarding the condition of historic era resources please refer to the cultural resource section of this report.
Asset Category Number of Assets
2008/2012
FCI
2008 / 2012
Condition Status/Trend Rationale
Buildings 34 / 43 0.168 / 0.064 Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. Air conditioning units were replaced in all buildings and housing units this year to reduce energy and maintenance costs. All buildings were painted in the past year. Four new buildings have been added for staff offices and required occupancy for rangers, etc. Smith Building was converted to office space for RM staff.
Housing 11 / 11 0.107 / 0.072 Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Electrical systems for housing units were recently upgraded. Interiors of all park housing except for one have been remodeled. Stucco fences were constructed around two of the units, and front patios were built for four houses. Installed a security gate on road into housing area. Three housing units are currently utilized as office space. The monument is currently preparing to convert them back to housing units which will require considerable renovations.
Campgrounds 3 / 3 0.018 / 0.011 Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Replaced eroded asphalt RV pads from sites 162–174 with concrete pads. Chip seal was applied to campground lanes and perimeter road. Rebuilt campground dump station. Replaced pit toilet at Alamo Canyon. Remodeled seven restrooms and added showers to four. Replaced trash cans with varmint-proof cans.
Trails 15 / 15 0.184 / 0.090 Condition of resource warrants significant concern; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. Workcrews from Saguaro NP helped to make improvements to trails over the past four years. Despite these improvements, recent storm damage to monument trails during the summer of 2012 has once again left them in considerable need of repair. The FCI reported for 2012 (0.090) does not include post-monsoon trail assessments.
Waste Water Systems 4 / 6 0.182 / 0.005 Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. A new sewer system has been built for the housing area, and was designed so that new office buildings can use the same leach field.
Water Systems 1 / 1 0.490 / 0.010 Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Replaced water line from the 100,000 gallon tank to campground. Painted interior and exterior of water tanks. Rebuilt south water well.
Unpaved Roads 15 / 15 ------ / ------ Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. The FCI statistics for ORPI's unpaved roads are not reported due to data deficiencies that the park is working hard to address. 105 miles of dirt roads occur in the park of which approximately 50 miles are open to the public. The park recently built four new concrete water crossings on Ajo Mountain Drive. Many of the monument's unpaved roads are maintained, however numerous other road segments present considerable repair and maintenance challenges given recent increases in use combined with the influence of several recent heavy rain events.
Paved Roads, Parking Areas, Bridges, Tunnels 42 / 48 ------ / 0.193 Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. The FCI statistic for 2008 is not reported due to data deficiencies. Recent efforts by the park to address these issues have resulted in a more reliable FCI statistic for 2012 which is reported. Recently, the monument replaced housing driveways and parking lots with concrete. New chip seal and oil seal was applied on paved roads and parking areas. Built two waysides (pullouts) for visitor use on Hwy 85. Horse pullout constructed for DHS. Despite these improvements considerable maintenance challenges remain particularly around low water crossings, which have experienced considerable road damage during recent flood events.
All Others 23 / 41 0.010 / 0.004 Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Consolidated radio repeaters operated by multiple agencies. Constructed new nursery for RM for raising native plants for restoration work. Built a pond at the Visitor Center so the public can see the endangered pup fish without going to Quitobaquito Spring.

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The Status and Trend symbols used in the summary table below and throughout this report are summarized in the following key. The background color represents the current condition status, the direction of the arrow summarizes the trend in condition, and the thickness of the outside line represents the degree of confidence in the assessment. In some cases, the arrow is omitted because data are not sufficient for calculating a trend (e.g., data from a one-time inventory or insufficient sample size).

Condition Status Trend in Condition Confidence in
Assessment
Condition of resource warrants significant concern Warrants Significant Concern Condition is improving Condition is Improving High confidence in the assessment High
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern Warrants Moderate Concern Condition is unchanging Condition is Unchanging Medium confidence in the assessment Medium
Resource is in good condition Resource is in Good Condition Condition is deteriorating Condition is Deteriorating Low confidence in the assessment Low

Examples of how the symbols should be interpreted:

Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment.
Energy Consumption Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment.
The production of energy to heat, cool, and illuminate buildings and to operate water utility systems is one of the largest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions in the United States. The National Park Service is committed to improving facility energy performance and increasing its reliance on renewable energy sources. The National Park Service has a goal to reduce Servicewide building energy consumption per square foot of building space by 35% by 2016 from the baseline set in 2003 (NPS Green Parks Plan 2012).
Indicators of Condition Specific Measures Condition Status/Trend Rationale
Energy Consumption BTUs per gross square footage of buildings Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Energy usage (BTUs per gross square footage of buildings) in 2012 was 30.8% lower than the average for the previous four years (Source: NPS Annual Energy Report). The park has implemented a number of energy-saving features and practices in recent years, including replacing light fixtures and air conditioners with more energy-efficient ones, installing motion sensor lighting systems, and installing bug lighting bulbs to prevent insects from setting off lights.
Annual Energy Consumption at Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument
Annual Energy Consumption at Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument

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The Status and Trend symbols used in the summary table below and throughout this report are summarized in the following key. The background color represents the current condition status, the direction of the arrow summarizes the trend in condition, and the thickness of the outside line represents the degree of confidence in the assessment. In some cases, the arrow is omitted because data are not sufficient for calculating a trend (e.g., data from a one-time inventory or insufficient sample size).

Condition Status Trend in Condition Confidence in
Assessment
Condition of resource warrants significant concern Warrants Significant Concern Condition is improving Condition is Improving High confidence in the assessment High
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern Warrants Moderate Concern Condition is unchanging Condition is Unchanging Medium confidence in the assessment Medium
Resource is in good condition Resource is in Good Condition Condition is deteriorating Condition is Deteriorating Low confidence in the assessment Low

Examples of how the symbols should be interpreted:

Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment.
Water Consumption Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment.
The national and global supply of fresh water has diminished in recent decades, and this trend is likely to continue due to drought and other climatic changes. To contribute to the responsible use of freshwater supplies, encourage groundwater recharge, and protect water quality, the National Park Service is improving its efforts to conserve water, reuse gray water, and capture rainwater, and has set a goal to reduce non-irrigation potable water use intensity by 30% by 2020 from the baseline set in 2007 (NPS Green Parks Plan 2012).
Indicators of Condition Specific Measures Condition Status/Trend Rationale
Water Consumption Avg. 2008 to 2010—3.23 million gallons/yr Avg. 2011 to 2012—3.65 million gallons/yr Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. Average water consumption at ORPI during 2011–2012 increased by 13% over the 3-year average for 2008–2010 (Source: NPS Annual Energy Report). This increase is partially attributable to construction and road maintenance projects that were carried out in the park during 2011 and 2012 in support of the Department of Homeland Security.
Annual Water Consumption at Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument
Annual Water Consumption at Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument

The monument participated in four separate environmental audits during 2010 and 2011 as part of the NPS' Environmental Management Program. These audits identified opportunities to improve efficiencies relating to energy and water consumption, recycling, gas emissions, or environmental stewardship. In response to the results from these audits the monument has already implemented a number of actions that have resulted in measurable improvements in these areas, some of which are mentioned above. In addition, the park has developed a number of projects that in time will continue to address identified deficiencies. Some examples include: construct a vehicle wash rack and disposal system; remediate lead contamination and close a firing range, remove a non-compliant fueling system, and remove debris from an old dump station and rehabilitate the site.

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Last Updated: June 26, 2014 Contact Webmaster