National Park Service

State of the Park Reports

State of the Park Report for
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park

Cultural Resources

Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park

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The Status and Trend symbols used in the summary table below and throughout this report are summarized in the following key. The background color represents the current condition status, the direction of the arrow summarizes the trend in condition, and the thickness of the outside line represents the degree of confidence in the assessment. In some cases, the arrow is omitted because data are not sufficient for calculating a trend (e.g., data from a one-time inventory or insufficient sample size).

Condition Status Trend in Condition Confidence in
Assessment
Condition of resource warrants significant concern Warrants Significant Concern Condition is improving Condition is Improving High confidence in the assessment High
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern Warrants Moderate Concern Condition is unchanging Condition is Unchanging Medium confidence in the assessment Medium
Resource is in good condition Resource is in Good Condition Condition is deteriorating Condition is Deteriorating Low confidence in the assessment Low

Examples of how the symbols should be interpreted:

Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment.
Archeological Resources Condition of resource warrants significant concern; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment.Brief - Archeological Resources
Indicators of Condition Specific Measures Condition Status/Trend Rationale
Inventory Percent of park adequately surveyed Condition of resource warrants significant concern; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. Less than 1% of the 2,895 acres of land in the park that is deemed appropriate for survey has been adequately surveyed for archeological resources. Historic maps, a GPS survey, and other sources indicate that there may be 40 or more sites and subsites that have never been evaluated and documented in ASMIS, including numerous Civil War features, historic farmsteads, and a historic gin mill.
Documentation Percentage of known sites with adequate National Register documentation Condition of resource warrants significant concern; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. The 1976 National Register nomination addresses the historic district/landscape only, and none of the archeological sites have been evaluated as an archeological resource. Documentation for National Register purposes is incomplete and out of date.
Condition Percentage of archeological resources in good condition Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. Of the 23 known sites (with 72 subsites) documented in the ASMIS archeology database, 17 (74%) are in Good condition, 3 (13%) are in Fair condition, and 3 are of unknown condition.

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The Status and Trend symbols used in the summary table below and throughout this report are summarized in the following key. The background color represents the current condition status, the direction of the arrow summarizes the trend in condition, and the thickness of the outside line represents the degree of confidence in the assessment. In some cases, the arrow is omitted because data are not sufficient for calculating a trend (e.g., data from a one-time inventory or insufficient sample size).

Condition Status Trend in Condition Confidence in
Assessment
Condition of resource warrants significant concern Warrants Significant Concern Condition is improving Condition is Improving High confidence in the assessment High
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern Warrants Moderate Concern Condition is unchanging Condition is Unchanging Medium confidence in the assessment Medium
Resource is in good condition Resource is in Good Condition Condition is deteriorating Condition is Deteriorating Low confidence in the assessment Low

Examples of how the symbols should be interpreted:

Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment.
Cultural Anthropology Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment.
Indicators of Condition Specific Measures Condition Status/Trend Rationale
Knowledge Sufficient research exists to understand the relationship of the park's ethnographic resources and the historic contexts Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. No Ethnographic Overview and Assessment exists for the park, but the relationship of the park's ethnographic resources and historic contexts does exist.
Appropriate studies and consultations document ethnographic resources and uses with regards to the park. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is deteriorating; medium confidence in the assessment. No documented ethnographic overview and assessment exists for the park. Other documents provide a good foundation for understanding people and communities associated with the park, but they do not provide the depth and nuance that a cultural anthropological focus on the site would reveal including identifying underrepresented groups and their associations with the park historically and presently.

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The Status and Trend symbols used in the summary table below and throughout this report are summarized in the following key. The background color represents the current condition status, the direction of the arrow summarizes the trend in condition, and the thickness of the outside line represents the degree of confidence in the assessment. In some cases, the arrow is omitted because data are not sufficient for calculating a trend (e.g., data from a one-time inventory or insufficient sample size).

Condition Status Trend in Condition Confidence in
Assessment
Condition of resource warrants significant concern Warrants Significant Concern Condition is improving Condition is Improving High confidence in the assessment High
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern Warrants Moderate Concern Condition is unchanging Condition is Unchanging Medium confidence in the assessment Medium
Resource is in good condition Resource is in Good Condition Condition is deteriorating Condition is Deteriorating Low confidence in the assessment Low

Examples of how the symbols should be interpreted:

Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment.
Cultural Landscapes Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment.Brief - Cheatham Hill
Indicators of Condition Specific Measures Condition Status/Trend Rationale
Knowledge Sufficient research exists to understand the relationship of the park cultural landscapes to the historic contexts of the park. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. There is sufficient research to provide an understanding of the relationship between the park's cultural landscapes and historic contexts.
Adequate research exists to document and preserve the cultural landscape of the park. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Two Cultural Landscape Inventories were completed in for the park in 2009—one for the park overall and one for the Cheatham Hill component. A Cultural Landscape Report with treatment recommendations is in draft form and under review.
Inventory The scope of cultural landscapes in the park is understood and a determination has been made whether or not they are a fundamental resource. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Cultural landscapes are listed as Fundamental Resources of the park that must be preserved and maintained.
Percentage of landscapes eligible for the National Register with accurate, complete, and reliable Cultural Landscape Inventory (CLI) data. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. The park is listed in the National Register and 100% of its current landscapes have complete and certified CLIs. When Congress incorporates the Wallis House and Harriston Hill into the park boundary, the CLI will need to be updated, along with a separate, or updated, CLR.
Documentation Percentage of cultural landscapes with adequate National Register documentation. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. The park is listed in the National Register and most cultural landscape features are adequately documented. Exceptions include: the Hensley property; the fourth corner of Powder Springs and Calloway roads; circulation features leading to Kennesaw Mountain summit; the CCC Camp Site; Maintenance Complex; and newly acquired properties as they are incorporated into the park.

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The Status and Trend symbols used in the summary table below and throughout this report are summarized in the following key. The background color represents the current condition status, the direction of the arrow summarizes the trend in condition, and the thickness of the outside line represents the degree of confidence in the assessment. In some cases, the arrow is omitted because data are not sufficient for calculating a trend (e.g., data from a one-time inventory or insufficient sample size).

Condition Status Trend in Condition Confidence in
Assessment
Condition of resource warrants significant concern Warrants Significant Concern Condition is improving Condition is Improving High confidence in the assessment High
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern Warrants Moderate Concern Condition is unchanging Condition is Unchanging Medium confidence in the assessment Medium
Resource is in good condition Resource is in Good Condition Condition is deteriorating Condition is Deteriorating Low confidence in the assessment Low

Examples of how the symbols should be interpreted:

Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment.
Historic Structures Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.Brief - Kolb Farmhouse
Indicators of Condition Specific Measures Condition Status/Trend Rationale
Knowledge Percentage of historic structures evaluated using appropriate historical contexts. Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. All known historic structures have been evaluated and are included on the List of Classified Structures.
Documentation Percentage of historic structures with adequate National Register documentation.

All historic structures have been recorded commensurate with their significance and mandated purposes.
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is improving; medium confidence in the assessment. All known historic structures have been adequately documented for National Register purposes. LCS information is current for the 33 structures, but only one Historic Structure Report has been completed (for Kolb Farm House).
Condition Percentage of historic structures in good condition Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. 29 of the 33 (88%) structures listed on the park's List of Classified Structures are in Good Condition, 3 are in Fair condition, and one (the Big Kennesaw Antebellum Road) is in Poor condition.

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The Status and Trend symbols used in the summary table below and throughout this report are summarized in the following key. The background color represents the current condition status, the direction of the arrow summarizes the trend in condition, and the thickness of the outside line represents the degree of confidence in the assessment. In some cases, the arrow is omitted because data are not sufficient for calculating a trend (e.g., data from a one-time inventory or insufficient sample size).

Condition Status Trend in Condition Confidence in
Assessment
Condition of resource warrants significant concern Warrants Significant Concern Condition is improving Condition is Improving High confidence in the assessment High
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern Warrants Moderate Concern Condition is unchanging Condition is Unchanging Medium confidence in the assessment Medium
Resource is in good condition Resource is in Good Condition Condition is deteriorating Condition is Deteriorating Low confidence in the assessment Low

Examples of how the symbols should be interpreted:

Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment.
History Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment.Brief - Civil War Cannon
Indicators of Condition Specific Measures Condition Status/Trend Rationale
Knowledge Sufficient research is conducted to understand significance of site.

Sufficient research is conducted to establish the reasons for park creation and site history.
Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. A Historic Resource Study was completed 18 years ago in 1995. The administrative history for the park was completed in 1994.
Research at the appropriate level precedes planning decisions involving cultural resources. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is deteriorating; medium confidence in the assessment. The park historian is not always able to conduct the appropriate level of research preceding planning decisions because of increasing administrative workload and collateral duties.
Inventory Percentage of cultural resources listed in appropriate Servicewide inventories, including the National Register. Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. 100% of cultural resources are listed in the appropriate inventories.
Documentation Percentage of historic properties with adequate National Register documentation or with Determinations of Eligibility. Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. 100% of the park's current historic properties have been adequately documented. However, when Congress incorporates the Wallis House and Harriston Hill into the park boundary, additional National Register documentation will be needed.

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The Status and Trend symbols used in the summary table below and throughout this report are summarized in the following key. The background color represents the current condition status, the direction of the arrow summarizes the trend in condition, and the thickness of the outside line represents the degree of confidence in the assessment. In some cases, the arrow is omitted because data are not sufficient for calculating a trend (e.g., data from a one-time inventory or insufficient sample size).

Condition Status Trend in Condition Confidence in
Assessment
Condition of resource warrants significant concern Warrants Significant Concern Condition is improving Condition is Improving High confidence in the assessment High
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern Warrants Moderate Concern Condition is unchanging Condition is Unchanging Medium confidence in the assessment Medium
Resource is in good condition Resource is in Good Condition Condition is deteriorating Condition is Deteriorating Low confidence in the assessment Low

Examples of how the symbols should be interpreted:

Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment.
Museum Collections Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Indicators of Condition Specific Measures Condition Status/Trend Rationale
Inventory The scope of museum collections in the park is understood. All resources have been surveyed to determine their appropriateness for inclusion in the museum/archive collection. Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. The Scope of Collections Statement was completed in 2009. It is supported by the Enabling Legislation, resource management goals and objectives, interpretive themes, and the recent Foundation Document.
Percentage of objects accessioned and cataloged Condition of resource warrants significant concern; condition is improving; medium confidence in the assessment. Only 14% of the park's collections are accessioned and catalogued (FY 2012 Collections Management Report). The bulk of the backlog are archives.
Documentation Furnishings in historic structures are documented in a historic furnishings report. Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. An exhibit plan for the park visitor center was completed in 2002.
Condition Overall condition of the collection based on condition survey and improvements to storage. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is deteriorating; medium confidence in the assessment. Collections condition surveys were completed in 1998 and 2009, and a collections storage plan was completed in 2010. The overall condition of the collection is currently Good, but park staff is concerned about being able to maintain that condition because of increasing workloads from collateral duties and administrative requirements, and funding constraints.

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Last Updated: June 26, 2014 Contact Webmaster