National Park Service

State of the Park Reports

State of the Park Report for
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park

Chapter 1 - Introduction

Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park

The purpose of this State of the Park report for Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park is to assess the overall condition of the park's priority resources and values, to communicate complex park condition information to visitors and the American public in a clear and simple way, and to inform visitors and other stakeholders about stewardship actions being taken by park staff to maintain or improve the condition of priority park resources for future generations.

The State of the Park report uses a standardized approach to focus attention on the priority resources and values of the park based on the park's purpose and significance, as described in the park's Foundation Document or General Management Plan. The report:

  • Provides to visitors and the American public a snapshot of the status and trend in the condition of a park's priority resources and values.
  • Summarizes and communicates complex scientific, scholarly, and park operations factual information and expert opinion using non-technical language and a visual format.
  • Highlights park stewardship activities and accomplishments to maintain or improve the state of the park.
  • Identifies key issues and challenges facing the park to inform park management planning.

The process of identifying priority park resources by park staff and partners, tracking their condition, organizing and synthesizing data and information, and communicating the results will be closely coordinated with the park planning process, including natural and cultural resource condition assessments and Resource Stewardship Strategy development. The term "priority resources" is used to identify the fundamental and other important resources and values for the park, based on a park's purpose and significance within the National Park System, as documented in the park's foundation document and other planning documents. This report summarizes and communicates the overall condition of priority park resources and values based on the available scientific and scholarly information and expert opinion, irrespective of the ability of the park superintendent or the National Park Service to influence it.

Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park encompasses approximately 2,923 acres of mostly hardwood forest that preserves a Civil War battleground of the Atlanta Campaign. Between June 19 and July 2, 1864, a series of battles occurred here between Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Confederate force of 65,000 troops and Gen. William T. Sherman's Union army of 100,000 men. Eventually, Sherman's army outflanked the Confederate force and forced them to abandon their lines. The loss of Kennesaw Mountain removed one of the last major geographic obstacles protecting Atlanta, which eventually fell to the Union army in September of 1864. The fall of Atlanta bolstered the Union army's resolve to continue the conflict and eventually led to the re-election of Abraham Lincoln as president in 1864.

The purpose of Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park is to preserve, protect, and interpret, for the benefit and inspiration of the people, the historical and natural features of this major battle site in the American Civil War's 1864 Atlanta Campaign.

Significance statements express why the park unit's resources and values are important enough to warrant national park unit designation. Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park is significant because:

  • It is the only nationally designated battle site that commemorates the 1864 Atlanta Campaign. Union victory in this campaign ensured the re-election of Abraham Lincoln and thereby the eventual preservation of the Union.
  • Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park preserves 8.9 miles of original Civil War field fortifications, which were decisive elements in later stages of the American Civil War.
  • The Park is one of the best places to see a diverse community of migratory birds east of the Mississippi River. The park was the first designated Globally Important Bird Area in the state of Georgia and is a focus area for bird conservation in the Southern Piedmont of the United States.
  • Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park is the site of a major Civil War battle, which also provides one of the largest contiguous federally managed public green spaces in a major metropolitan area serving millions of recreationists each year.
Map of Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park
Map of Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park
Location of Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park in Georgia
Location of Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park in Georgia


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Last Updated: December 30, 2013 Contact Webmaster