National Park Service

State of the Park Reports

State of the Park Report for Cabrillo National Monument

Cultural Resources

Old Point Loma Lighthouse
Old Point Loma Lighthouse at Cabrillo National Monument

Cultural Resource programs include a suite of disciplines (anthropology, archaeology, landscape architecture, history, historical architecture and museum curation) that hold culture at the center of research and preservation activities. These disciplines differ in the methods, scale and emphasis at which studies are conducted but generally tie intangible aspects of human history and beliefs with tangible items and places.

Because much of the meaningful work for cultural resources relies on bridging stories, concepts, and theories, with places and objects, the condition of cultural resources is qualitatively assessed through a series of measurable aspects of integrity that convey the significance of an area. Generally, the condition of cultural resources falls into three categories:

  1. The level of complete inventory and documentation
  2. The physical stability of an area, property or object as it relates to risk of degradation or deterioration
  3. Aspects of integrity

The breadth of cultural resource management activities make it difficult for a single park to accomplish all of the work needed to meet inventory, documentation, and monitoring expectations. These activities tend to be conducted through partnered park and regional assistance as well as agreements and contracts.


View list of Cultural Resource information sources

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The Status and Trend symbols used in the summary table below and throughout this report are summarized in the following key. The background color represents the current condition status, the direction of the arrow summarizes the trend in condition, and the thickness of the outside line represents the degree of confidence in the assessment. In some cases, the arrow is omitted because data are not sufficient for calculating a trend (e.g., data from a one-time inventory or insufficient sample size).

Condition Status Trend in Condition Confidence in
Assessment
Condition of resource warrants significant concern Warrants Significant Concern Condition is improving Condition is Improving High confidence in the assessment High
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern Warrants Moderate Concern Condition is unchanging Condition is Unchanging Medium confidence in the assessment Medium
Resource is in good condition Resource is in Good Condition Condition is deteriorating Condition is Deteriorating Low confidence in the assessment Low

Examples of how the symbols should be interpreted:

Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment.
Old Point Loma Lighthouse Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. Brief - Old Point Loma Lighthouse
Eight lighthouses were built along the coast in the 1850s, including the one now located at Cabrillo National Monument. Completed in 1854, lighted in 1855, the Old Point Loma Lighthouse operated as a lighthouse until 1891. After 1891, its story becomes one of various uses, benign neglect, potential demolition, and eventual restoration and preservation as the prime cultural resource of Cabrillo National Monument. Throughout its history, the Old Point Loma Lighthouse has retained a high degree of historical integrity.
Indicators of Condition Specific Measures Condition Status/Trend Rationale
Documented Condition Assessments Facility Condition Index from List of Classified Structures database Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. The Facility Condition Index was 0.010 in 2010, which is Good based on industry and NPS standards. The condition was also rated as Good based on a 2009 formal condition assessment using methodology for the List of Classified Structures. Brief - Overall Facility Condition Assessment
Historic Integrity Historic Integrity Assessment Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. See explanation of historic integrity assessment.
Completeness of Documentation
  • Determination of Eligibility
  • Historic Structures Report
  • Condition Assessments
Resource is in good condition; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; high confidence in the assessment. The lighthouse has a complete and current Historic Structures Report, Historic Structures Preservation Guide, and complete and current national register forms and condition assessments.

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The Status and Trend symbols used in the summary table below and throughout this report are summarized in the following key. The background color represents the current condition status, the direction of the arrow summarizes the trend in condition, and the thickness of the outside line represents the degree of confidence in the assessment. In some cases, the arrow is omitted because data are not sufficient for calculating a trend (e.g., data from a one-time inventory or insufficient sample size).

Condition Status Trend in Condition Confidence in
Assessment
Condition of resource warrants significant concern Warrants Significant Concern Condition is improving Condition is Improving High confidence in the assessment High
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern Warrants Moderate Concern Condition is unchanging Condition is Unchanging Medium confidence in the assessment Medium
Resource is in good condition Resource is in Good Condition Condition is deteriorating Condition is Deteriorating Low confidence in the assessment Low

Examples of how the symbols should be interpreted:

Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment.
Coastal Defense Structures Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. Brief - Overall Facility Condition Assessment
A formal Historic Structures Report for Harbor Defense Structures was completed in 2000 to assess the structures and help the park implement a planning program to restore, rehabilitate, and/or stabilize these increasingly significant military structures. Currently, the 19 Coastal Defense Structures have an overall FCI (Facility Condition Index) of 0.005 resulting in a Good condition based on industry and NPS standards. Because of their historic designation on the List of Classified Structures (LCS), the 19 Coastal Defense Structures are also formally assessed every five years to determine their LCS Condition, which determines whether the structure and its significant features are intact, structurally sound, and performing their intended purpose. Based on the most recent LCS assessments (2007–2011), 12 structures are in Good condition, 5 are in Fair condition, and 2 are in Poor condition.
Indicators of Condition Specific Measures Condition Status/Trend Rationale
Documented Condition Assessments Facility Condition Index from List of Classified Structures database Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. The 19 Coastal Defense Structures have changed from an overall FCI of 0.050 in 2007 to 0.008 in 2011. Based on the most recent LCS assessments (2007–2011), 12 structures are in Good condition, 5 are in Fair condition, and 2 are in Poor condition.
Historic Integrity Historic Integrity Assessment Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. See Historic Structures Report for Harbor Defense Structures. Based on integrity of: Location, Setting, Design, Materials, Workmanship, Feeling, and Association.
Completeness of Documentation
  • Determination of Eligibility
  • Historic Structures Report
  • Condition Assessments
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. The FCI and LCS condition assessments have been completed and are used to guide management decisions concerning stabilization priorities. A treatment plan for the structures in poor condition has not been completed.

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The Status and Trend symbols used in the summary table below and throughout this report are summarized in the following key. The background color represents the current condition status, the direction of the arrow summarizes the trend in condition, and the thickness of the outside line represents the degree of confidence in the assessment. In some cases, the arrow is omitted because data are not sufficient for calculating a trend (e.g., data from a one-time inventory or insufficient sample size).

Condition Status Trend in Condition Confidence in
Assessment
Condition of resource warrants significant concern Warrants Significant Concern Condition is improving Condition is Improving High confidence in the assessment High
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern Warrants Moderate Concern Condition is unchanging Condition is Unchanging Medium confidence in the assessment Medium
Resource is in good condition Resource is in Good Condition Condition is deteriorating Condition is Deteriorating Low confidence in the assessment Low

Examples of how the symbols should be interpreted:

Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment.
Other Historic Structures Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment.Brief - Overall Facility Condition Assessment
The other 18 Historic Structures (e.g., 1855 brick cistern, 1935 CCC stone wall, Mather plaque) have an overall FCI of 0.061 in 2011, resulting in a Good condition based on industry and NPS standards. The most recent LCS (List of Classified Structures) assessments in 2006–2009 found that 16 structures are in Good condition, 1 is in Fair condition, and 1 is in Poor condition.
Indicators of Condition Specific Measures Condition Status/Trend Rationale
Documented Condition Assessments Facility Condition Index from the List of Classified Structures database Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; high confidence in the assessment. Based on the most recent LCS assessments (2006–2009), 16 structures are in Good condition, 1 is in Fair condition, and 1 (the Bayside Trail) is in Poor condition. Two major landslides in 2005 caused by heavy rain have undercut Sylvester Road, and the road adjacent to Searchlight 18 is being undercut. The other 18 historic structures not included above have an overall FCI of 0.061 resulting in a Good condition.
Historic Integrity Historic Integrity Assessment Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Overall assessment of the integrity of: Location, Setting, Design, Materials, Workmanship, Feeling, and Association.
Completeness of Documentation
  • Determination of Eligibility
  • Historic Structures Report
  • Condition Assessments
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment. The status of documentation overall for the park is relatively unknown.

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The Status and Trend symbols used in the summary table below and throughout this report are summarized in the following key. The background color represents the current condition status, the direction of the arrow summarizes the trend in condition, and the thickness of the outside line represents the degree of confidence in the assessment. In some cases, the arrow is omitted because data are not sufficient for calculating a trend (e.g., data from a one-time inventory or insufficient sample size).

Condition Status Trend in Condition Confidence in
Assessment
Condition of resource warrants significant concern Warrants Significant Concern Condition is improving Condition is Improving High confidence in the assessment High
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern Warrants Moderate Concern Condition is unchanging Condition is Unchanging Medium confidence in the assessment Medium
Resource is in good condition Resource is in Good Condition Condition is deteriorating Condition is Deteriorating Low confidence in the assessment Low

Examples of how the symbols should be interpreted:

Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment.
Cultural Anthropology Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; medium confidence in the assessment.
Indicators of Condition Specific Measures Condition Status/Trend Rationale
Documentation Baseline Documentation Completed Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; medium confidence in the assessment. The monument has consulted with Native Tribes and Latino groups affiliated with the park, but baseline documentation identifying anthropological priority resources has not been conducted. However, we honor the Kumeyaay request to not interpret their people beyond their interaction with the initial Spanish contact in 1542, and their material culture extant at that time. An ethnohistory of Point Loma and the monument is necessary as a starting point for needed work. From this study, other anthropological themes can be identified.

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The Status and Trend symbols used in the summary table below and throughout this report are summarized in the following key. The background color represents the current condition status, the direction of the arrow summarizes the trend in condition, and the thickness of the outside line represents the degree of confidence in the assessment. In some cases, the arrow is omitted because data are not sufficient for calculating a trend (e.g., data from a one-time inventory or insufficient sample size).

Condition Status Trend in Condition Confidence in
Assessment
Condition of resource warrants significant concern Warrants Significant Concern Condition is improving Condition is Improving High confidence in the assessment High
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern Warrants Moderate Concern Condition is unchanging Condition is Unchanging Medium confidence in the assessment Medium
Resource is in good condition Resource is in Good Condition Condition is deteriorating Condition is Deteriorating Low confidence in the assessment Low

Examples of how the symbols should be interpreted:

Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment.
Archeological Resources Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Indicators of Condition Specific Measures Condition Status/Trend Rationale
Completeness of Inventories Percent of park that has been surveyed Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; high confidence in the assessment. Intensive surface surveys have been conducted for 20% of the park, with limited subsurface surveys, but the surface survey may be unreliable because of dense vegetation (Kelly and May 2001). A landform stability model has not been completed to assess site risks. Bedrock is only nine inches below the surface and much of the park consists of steep slopes and altered landscapes unlikely to contain archeological artifacts. Pre-historic settlement was likely limited due to the absence of water.
Site Condition/Stability Percent of sites in good condition (ASMIS database) Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Threats to archeological sites are being addressed as best they can. Site condition assessments, scheduled every five years, have shown only minor changes to site stability.
Documentation Percent of known sites that have been adequately researched Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Ten archeological sites have been identified (8 pre-contact and 2 historic). Three sites have been further investigated and determined to lack integrity due to erosion and road construction. The other sites have not been assessed for eligibility to the National Register. An Archeological Overview was completed in 2001 (Kelly and May) but this document does not include an adequate monitoring or treatment plan for known sites.

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The Status and Trend symbols used in the summary table below and throughout this report are summarized in the following key. The background color represents the current condition status, the direction of the arrow summarizes the trend in condition, and the thickness of the outside line represents the degree of confidence in the assessment. In some cases, the arrow is omitted because data are not sufficient for calculating a trend (e.g., data from a one-time inventory or insufficient sample size).

Condition Status Trend in Condition Confidence in
Assessment
Condition of resource warrants significant concern Warrants Significant Concern Condition is improving Condition is Improving High confidence in the assessment High
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern Warrants Moderate Concern Condition is unchanging Condition is Unchanging Medium confidence in the assessment Medium
Resource is in good condition Resource is in Good Condition Condition is deteriorating Condition is Deteriorating Low confidence in the assessment Low

Examples of how the symbols should be interpreted:

Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment.
Cultural Landscapes Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; high confidence in the assessment.
Indicators of Condition Specific Measures Condition Status/Trend Rationale
Documentation Percent of detailed cultural landscape inventories completed Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; high confidence in the assessment. A detailed cultural landscape inventory has been completed for the Mission 66 theme, but inventories are incomplete for the 1930s Monument Landscape Architecture, Cabrillo NM, Coastal Defense Structures, and Old Point Loma Lighthouse.

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The Status and Trend symbols used in the summary table below and throughout this report are summarized in the following key. The background color represents the current condition status, the direction of the arrow summarizes the trend in condition, and the thickness of the outside line represents the degree of confidence in the assessment. In some cases, the arrow is omitted because data are not sufficient for calculating a trend (e.g., data from a one-time inventory or insufficient sample size).

Condition Status Trend in Condition Confidence in
Assessment
Condition of resource warrants significant concern Warrants Significant Concern Condition is improving Condition is Improving High confidence in the assessment High
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern Warrants Moderate Concern Condition is unchanging Condition is Unchanging Medium confidence in the assessment Medium
Resource is in good condition Resource is in Good Condition Condition is deteriorating Condition is Deteriorating Low confidence in the assessment Low

Examples of how the symbols should be interpreted:

Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment.
History Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; high confidence in the assessment.
Indicators of Condition Specific Measures Condition Status/Trend Rationale
Documentation Currency and completeness of studies Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; high confidence in the assessment. Baseline documents expected for each park unit such as the Historic Resources Study and the Administrative History are outdated. See also: National Register of Historic Places Registration Form for Cabrillo National Monument.
Research
  • Completeness of needed research
  • Number of reports and publications
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; medium confidence in the assessment. The park has an extensive library of research materials, but we have not published reports as most of our research is data recovery for baseline studies and to develop interpretive plans, formats and programs. Research results are not well organized.

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The Status and Trend symbols used in the summary table below and throughout this report are summarized in the following key. The background color represents the current condition status, the direction of the arrow summarizes the trend in condition, and the thickness of the outside line represents the degree of confidence in the assessment. In some cases, the arrow is omitted because data are not sufficient for calculating a trend (e.g., data from a one-time inventory or insufficient sample size).

Condition Status Trend in Condition Confidence in
Assessment
Condition of resource warrants significant concern Warrants Significant Concern Condition is improving Condition is Improving High confidence in the assessment High
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern Warrants Moderate Concern Condition is unchanging Condition is Unchanging Medium confidence in the assessment Medium
Resource is in good condition Resource is in Good Condition Condition is deteriorating Condition is Deteriorating Low confidence in the assessment Low

Examples of how the symbols should be interpreted:

Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment. Resource is in good condition; condition is improving; high confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment. Condition of resource warrants significant concern; trend in condition is unknown or not applicable; low confidence in the assessment.
Museum Collections Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment.
Indicators of Condition Specific Measures Condition Status/Trend Rationale
Museum Facility Integrity Meets facility standards Resource is in good condition; condition is unchanging; medium confidence in the assessment. Museum facility meets standards based on NPS Museum Handbook, but the location of the facility does not allow for full time use by staff.
Completeness of Curation
  • Percent of objects catalogued
  • Data quality audits
Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is unchanging; low confidence in the assessment. Current data is inadequate for determining the percent of objects catalogued and the quality of the data records.
Adherence to Standards Percent of applicable standards met Condition of resource warrants moderate concern; condition is deteriorating; medium confidence in the assessment. 76.58% of applicable standards have been met. The park does not have a curator, curator of record, or a current museum management plan. Work on the collections continues without professional oversight.

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Last Updated: June 27, 2014 Contact Webmaster