• View of Springfield Armory overlooking the city of Springfield, 1855

    Springfield Armory

    National Historic Site Massachusetts

M1 Rifle variations and experimental models

Experimental M1 rifles

Springfield Armory NHS, US NPS

The experimental rifles shown here may be examined individually below.

 
Garand experimental rifles and carbines

Springfield Armory NHS, US NPS

The M1 rifles variations are viewed and listed below from the top left to the bottom left of the case:

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Garand experimental carbine

Springfield Armory NHS, US NPS

U.S. Carbine M1E5 .30 caliber, Serial Number 1 SPAR3190

This shortened M1 rifle features a folding stock designed by John Garand. This “carbine” was tested in 1944 and was intended for possible issue to paratroopers.

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Garand version of a carbine

Springfield Armory NHS, US NPS

U.S. Rifle SR M1 Garand .30 caliber SPAR1807

This “Short Rifle” was designed by John Garand and competed against the Winchester entry which was adopted as the M1 Carbine in 1941.

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Receiver stampings of US M1 Rifle sn87

Springfield Armory NHS, US NPS

U.S. Rifle M1 .30 caliber, Serial Number 87 SPAR3435

This was the first M1 off the Springfield Armory production line to pass the function firing test on 21 July 1937.

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Receiver stamping of Garand T1E1 rifle

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Springfield Armory NHS, US NPS

U.S. Rifle T1E1 Garand .30 caliber, Serial Number 1 SPAR4057

Manufactured at Springfield Armory, Springfield, Ma. on July, 31, 1931, this hand made, gas-operated, semi-automatic experimental rifle by John Garand was the prototype .30” caliber rifle that developed into the US M1 Rifle. See the original July 25th, 1931, test target!

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Garand rifle variations

Springfield Armory NHS, US NPS

The M1 rifles variations are viewed and listed below from the top right to the bottom right of the case:

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The receiver markings of T20 sn1

Springfield Armory NHS, US NPS

U.S. Rifle T20 .30 caliber, Serial Number 1 SPAR2266

A modified M1 rifle developed by John Garand in 1944-45. The T20 features selective semiautomatic or full automatic fire capabilities and feeds from a detachable twenty round magazine.

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M1 T26 compared to full length experimenatl T27 rifle

Springfield Armory NHS, US NPS

U.S. Rifle M1 T26 .30 caliber , Serial Number 2291873 SPAR1908

This shortened M1 rifle was field modified by an ordnance unit of the 6th Army in the Philippines for use by paratroopers. It was delivered to Springfield Armory by courier in 1945 for testing and evaluation. This is the rifle erroneously referred to as the “Tanker Garand”.

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The M1D scoped rifle

Springfield Armory NHS, US NPS

U.S. Rifle M1D .30 caliber, Serial Number 2107936 SPAR3375

The M1D was adopted by the U.S. Army as substitute standard in September 1944. John Garand designed the scope mount and barrel block type mounting system. The M1D saw considerable use in Korea and Viet Nam and was used, on a limited basis, by U.S. military snipers in the Persian Gulf War in 1991.

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M1 T35 rifle

Springfield Armory NHS, US NPS

U.S. Rifle M1 T35 (T65E3) with Sanford Integral Magazine .30 caliber SPAR3527

This modified M1/T35 features a Sanford Integral Magazine which holds ten rounds of .30 cal. T65E3 ammunition. The design was produced and tested in 1953-54 and demonstrates the adaptability of John Garand’s design.

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M1 rifle clip loader SPAR7047

Springfield Armory NHS, US NPS

The following three small items are not rifles but M1 rifle accessories designed by John Garand.

Clip loader for the M1 Rifle SPAR7047

John Garand designed this device in 1936. The clip loader makes use of the M1903 rifle five round stripper clips to ease loading of M1 rifle eight round cartridge clips.

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M7 grenade launcher

Springfield Armory NHS, US NPS

M7 Grenade Launcher for the M1 Rifle SPAR4922

Designed by John Garand and adopted by the Army in early 1943. M7 grenade launcher mounted to an M1 rifle and M1 carbine.

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M3 Garand combination tool

image courtesy William J. Ricca Surplus Sales

M3 Combination Tool for the M1 Rifle

Designed by John Garand in 1937. Included in this one device was a chamber cleaning tool, screw driver, spanner wrench, pin drift, jammed cartridge removal tool and bolt disassembly tool.

Did You Know?

John Garand with M1 Rifle

John Garand, an engineer at Springfield Armory, designed the M1 rifle. The M1 was issued to US soldiers during World War II and the Korean War. More...