• Sunken Road

    Shiloh

    National Military Park TN,MS

Sesquicentennial Ranger Led Hikes

Participants are asked to register for hikes in advance. Please call the Shiloh Visitor Center at (731) 689-5696 to register.

Thursday April 5, 2012

Sherman's Outposts: How the Federal Army Failed to Uncover Johnston's Surprise
4:00 pm - 6:00 pm
This program will discuss how General Sherman protected his camp, how he scouted his front, and explores why he failed to discover the approaching enemy. The topics of reconnaissance, intelligence, and outpost management will help reveal what Sherman was trying to do, and why he failed to properly interpret events occurring before his eyes.
Parking: Tour Stop #5 (Shiloh Church)
Distance: 3 miles
Terrain: Moderate

Friday April 6, 2012

Fraley Field: The Battle Begins
5:00 am - 6:30 am
Meet at the Visitor Center promptly at 5:00 am. Follow either
"Peabody's Patrol" or Hardcastle's Confederate skirmishers as the two armies run into each other at dawn.
Distance: 1 - 1.5 miles
Terrain: Easy

Retreat and Save Yourselves: Union Leadership Failure at Shiloh
7:00 am - 9:00 am
This hike traces the actions of Col. Jesse Appler and the 53rd Ohio
Infantry and examines the causes of their failures on the field. Furthermore,
it will examine why some units failed to do their duty at Shiloh and look at
the social and psychological aspects cowardice; its causes and effects. Why
did a portion of Sherman's division fail in their duty that morning? What caused
that failure? Was it cowardice or other reasons for such behavior?
Parking: Tour Stop #5 (Shiloh Church)
Distance: 2 miles
Terrain: Difficult

Following Johnston Into Battle
8:00 am - 10:00 am
Program starts at Fraley Field and follows Johnston as he attempts to manage the
battle. Tour will follow his route as he comes in to rally part of Shaver's Brigade, then cut through
the woods to Spain Field and Gladden's attack, and stop at the 18th Wisconsin camp to discuss certain
arrangements and decisions made at this time that affected the outcome of the fight. Tour will then proceed
toward Stuart's Brigade camp and end at Larkin Bell Field where those interested can join the 10:00 am tour
continuing the fight on the Union left against Stuart or return to their vehicles.
Parking: Tour Stop #7
Distance: 3 miles
Terrain: Difficult in some places

The Decimation of Cleburne's Brigade
9:00 am - 11:00 am
This program will tell the story of Gen. Patrick Cleburne's Brigade known to many by the severe casualties incurred by the 6th Mississippi
Infantry south of Shiloh Church. The path of the brigade will be hiked and various points of the battlefield discussed. Not only did several regiments in the brigade suffer horrific casualties, but the brigade
itself almost ceased to exist by the end of the battle.
Parking: Tour Stop #6
Distance: 3.5 miles
Terrain: Moderate to Difficult

Alone on the Left: Stuart's Brigade at Shiloh
10:00 am - 12:00 pm
Trace the actions and footsteps as this isolated infantry brigade protects left flank of the entire Union Army against overwhelming infantry and artillery for several hours. Also, learn about the "hard luck" 71st Ohio Infantry and the controversy surrounding
their actions at Shiloh.
Parking: Tour Stop #14
Distance 1.5 miles
Terrain: Moderate

Turning the Enemy's Right: S.A.M Wood's Brigade and Confederate Realignment
11:00 am - 1:00 pm
Johnston's battle plan had called for the Confederate army to turn the Union left flank and drive them northwesterly into flooded Owl Creek. Unfortunately, the Confederate attack broke into two distinct efforts, one pushing the Union left and one pushing Federals who were falling back on the right. Follow Wood's Brigade as Confederate leaders attack the Union right and the results of their decisions on the field. Discover
how the soldiers in Wood's Brigade carried out their orders and attempted to destroy the enemy at their front.
Parking: Tour Stop #9
Distance: 2.5 miles (approximate)
Terrain: Moderate to difficult

The Hornet's Nest: Myth and Reality
2:00 pm - 4:00 pm
Learn about the severe fighting in the famed 'Hornet's Nest" of Shiloh. Tour will discuss the establishment of the area as a Union defensive position, units involved, and the truth versus the myth of the fight in this area. Learn about the Confederate attacks initially led by Gibson's Brigade, the leadership of General Braxton Bragg, and the realignment of CS forces. Participants will have the opportunity to then join the 4:00 pm tour about the Union withdrawal from the area falling back to "Grant's Last Line."
Parking: Tour Stop #3
Distance: 2 miles
Terrain: Moderate

Turning the Union Left and the Death of Johnston
2:00 pm - 4:00 pm
Confederates finally attack on the Union left under Johnston's leadership. Program will begin with the extension of the Union line by General McArthur and the 50th Illinois attempting to link up with Stuart. Tour will cover Johnston's reactions to a stalled offensive and his death. Participants will then learn of Stuart's retreat, the disaster this brings the 9th Illinois Infantry, and Hurlbut's retreat to Cloud Filed. Once at Cloud Field, visitors have the option to continue the story on the Hell's Hollow, Dill Branch, and Grant's Last Line tour.
Parking: Tour Stop #14
Distance:
Terrain: Moderate

Grant's Army Survives: Hell's Hollow, Dill Branch, and Grant's Last Line
4:30 pm - 6:30 pm
Follow Federal units as they begin to withdraw from the center of line as many Union soldiers are captured in "Hell's Hollow" after Confederate forces envelope them from north, west, and east. Continue the retreat through the Dill Branch ravine as the Union establishes a "Last Line of Defense" and Buell's troops arrive by nightfall.
Parking: Tour Stop #10 (Union Loop)
Distance 3.5 miles
Terrain: Moderate to Very Difficult

Saturday April 7, 2012

The Union Counterattacks! General Bull Nelson and the Union Left
8:00 am - 12:00 pm
This hike will depart the Visitor Center at 8:00 am. It will begin by discussing the arrival of Buell's forces on the 6th led by General "Bull" Nelson and his orders to move out the next morning. participants will follow Nelson's slow advance as they reach Hurlbut's camps and skirmish with Forrest's videttes, push on to Wicker Field and come under heavy artillery fire, and take on Moore's 2nd
Texas in the Peach
Orchard. The hike will then move south to the Hamburg-Purdy Road to discuss the hastily assembled Confederate defense by
General Withers.
The hike will continue from the Southern perspective on
their right before heading back to the Visitor Center. The tour will be a little more than
4 miles in length. Participants are encouraged to bring
water and snacks and to wear comfortable hiking footwear.
Parking: Visitor Center
Distance: 4-5 miles
Terrain: Moderate

Lew Wallace Car Caravan Tour
8:30 am - 10:30 am
Meet at the Visitor Center for a car caravan tour following Lew Wallace's attack on April 7. The tour will include stops such as McArthur's Headquarters, the Hare/Oglesby Monument, Thayer's Brigade tablet, the large Confederate burial trench, and Water Oaks Pond.
Parking: Meet at the Visitor Center
Distance: N/A
Terrain: Driving and easy walking

What I Saw of Shiloh: Ambrose Bierce Goes to War
9:30 am - 11:30 am
This program will take visitors across the battlefield in the footsteps of Sergeant Ambrose
Bierce while reciting passages from his classic essay.
Parking: Visitor Center
Distance: 2 1/2 miles one way
Terrain: Moderate to easy

Crittenden's Division and the Union Center on April 7
10:00 am - 12:00pm
Crittenden's 5th Division of Buell's Army of the Ohio was the center of the Union line as it began its counterattack on April 7, 1862. To the troops fighting their way through
the Hornet's Nest and Duncan Field that morning, the severity of the previous day's
combat became readily apparent. This hike will follow the back-and-forth action of this division as it fought along the Eastern Corinth Road to the Hamburg
Purdy Road, where it halted as the battle drew to a close.
Parking: Tour Stop #10
Distance: 2 miles
Terrain: Easy

The Orphan's of Shiloh: The Confederate Kentucky Brigade Makes a Stand
1:30 pm - 3:30 pm
This program will tell the story of the famed "Orphan Brigade" at Shiloh. These self-exiled rebels came to Shiloh with hopes that this battle represented their first step of their journey home. By the second day, these Kentuckians were doing all they could to simply hold back the Union counterattacks. Visitors will hike the Confederate center during some of the most intense combat of the battle.
Parking: Tour Stop #4 (Ruggles Battery)
Distance: 2 miles
Terrain: Fairly easy

Struggle for the Crossroads
2:00 pm - 4:00 pm
This tour covers the action around the Crossroads from the point at noon when the Federal line appears to be in trouble until the Confederates begin disintegrating and Beauregard orders a retreat.
Parking: Tour Stop #13
Distance 2 miles
Terrain: Easy on level ground

The History of Shiloh National Military Park
2:30 pm - 4:30 pm
A light hike which discusses the establishment of Shiloh in 1894, what went into the construction, and how the park has evolved since inception.
Parking: Tour Stop #13
Distance: 1.5 miles
Terrain: Easy

Tending the Wounded and Burying the Dead: The Aftermath of Battle
3:00 pm - 5:00 pm
A car caravan and easy walking tour exploring the care of Shiloh's wounded and the need to bury the dead quickly. Also included is a tour and discussion of the National Cemetery. This is a limited mobility tour consisting of driving and an easy walk in the Cemetery.
Parking: Meet at Tour Stop #14 (Tent Hospital)
Distance: N/A
Terrain: Driving and light walking

Sunday April 8, 2012

Fallen Timbers Car Caravan Tour
10:00 am - 12:00 pm
This car caravan will take visitors to several locations outside of Shiloh National Military
Park that tell the story of the last action of the battle. Learn about
Breckinridge's screen of the retreating Confederate army as they fell back to Corinth.
And go to where aggressive cavalry commander, Nathan Bedford Forrest, attacked
a Union reconnaissance force under Sherman.
Parking: Meet at the Visitor Center
Distance: N/A
Terrain: Driving

Tending the Wounded and Burying the Dead: The Aftermath of Battle
1:00 pm - 3:00 pm
A car caravan and easy walking tour exploring the care of Shiloh's wounded and the need to bury the dead quickly. Also included is a tour and discussion of the National Cemetery. This is a limited mobility tour consisting of driving and an easy walk in the Cemetery.
Parking: Meet at Tour Stop #14 (Tent Hospital)
Distance: N/A
Terrain: Driving and light walking

Did You Know?

Shiloh Veterans

Although Tennessee was a Confederate state, a Federal army at Shiloh was named the Army of the Tennessee. Union forces mostly named their armies after rivers. Confederates named their armies after geographical locations.