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Rivers and Streams

Laurel Prong

Laurel Prong

Shenandoah National Park, located along the crest of the Blue Ridge Mountains in Virginia, is the origin of the headwaters of three river drainages; the Shenandoah River to the west and the Rappahannock and James Rivers to the east. There are 42 watershed basins on the west side of Shenandoah and 28 watershed basins on the east, combining for a total of about 90 small streams. A chief feature of these high elevation streams is high gradient, with pools interspersed with riffles, rapids, cascades and falls, and bottoms chiefly of large gravel, rubble, boulder, and bedrock. In many places, streams drop over ledges, creating waterfalls up to 28 meters high. Most streams are heavily shaded and cool or even cold in the summer, and they are typically clear with rain-caused turbidity quickly disappearing.

Related Information

Useful references that deal with rivers and streams are:

Coker, R.E. 1968. Streams, Lakes, Ponds. Harper and Row Publishers, New York, New York.

Murray, H.W. 1989. Trout Fishing in the Shenandoah National Park. Shenandoah Publishing Company, Edinburg, Virginia.

Lynch, D.D. 1987. Hydrologic Conditions and Trends in Shenandoah National Park Virginia, 1983-1984. Water-Resources Investigations Report 87-4131. U.S. Geological Survey, Richmond, Virginia.

Websites that provide helpful information about rivers and streams are:

Rivers and Watersheds of Virginia

Virginia Natural Resources Education Guide - Water

The Environmental Protection Agency Water Resources Website

Mid-Atlantic Integrated Assessment - Streams - Environmental Protection Agency

Listing of these websites does not and is not intended to imply endorsement by the National Park Service of commercial services or products associated with the sites.

Did You Know?

The scarlet tanager has bright red feathers and black wings and tail during mating season. Its color changes to olive during the winter.

Most of the Shenandoah National Park’s 200 bird species are heard rather than seen, due to the dense canopy of leaves. More...