Table 1. A Combined Radiocarbon/Calendrical Timescale for Southeastern Paleoindian Assemblages. (calibrated dates derived from Stuiver et al. 1998)

Calendar BP

Radiocarbon rcbp

Stage

Culture Complex

Climatic Event

8986; 8874; 8825; 8819

8,000

 

 

 

 

8,000-9,000

 

Bifurcate

 

10,189

9,000

Early Archaic

 

Boreal

10,736; 10,708; 10,702

9,500

 

Corner Notched

 

11,254; 11,253; 11,234

9,900

 

 

 

11,545; 11,512; 11,400; 11,391; 11,340

10,000

 

 

 

11,687; 11,677; 11,642

10,100

 

 

Younger Dryas ends/Preboreal

11,930; 11,804; 11,768

10,200

Late Paleoindian

Early Side Notched

 

12,622; 12,472; 12,390

10,500

 

Dalton

 

 

10,500-10,800

 

Quad/Beaver Lake

 

12,899

10,800

 

 

 

 

10,800-10,900

 

Cumberland/Folsom

 

12,944

10,900

 

 

Younger Dryas begins

13,132

11,100

Middle Paleoindian

 

Inter-Allerød Cold Period ends

13,155

11,200

 

Clovis widespread

 

13,411

11,400

 

 

Inter-Allerød Cold Period begins

13,455

11,500

 

 

 

 

11,500-11,750

 

Clovis beginnings?

 

13,811

11,750

 

 

Allerød

14,043; 13,923; 13,858

11,950

 

 

Older Dryas ends

14,065

12,000

 

Little Salt Springs/ Page-Ladson

 

 

12,000-12,100

Early Paleoindian

 

 

14,100

12,100

 

 

Older Dryas begins

 

12,100-12,500

 

Monte Verde

 

15,084; 14,731; 14,382

12,500

 

 

 

15,231; 14,606; 14,449

12,600

 

 

Bølling begins

 

12,600-16,000

 

Meadowcroft (?)

 

19,091

16,000

 

Cactus Hill (?)

 

21,392

18,000

 

Initial Colonization (?)

Glacial maximum

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