Jacob Downing Biography
Denver Public Library - Digital Collections
After a stint as Post Commander at Fort Larned, KS., Colonel John Chivington promoted Downing to Assistant Inspector General for the District of Colorado. During the Indian War of 1864, he commanded several companies of cavalry which attacked and burned several Cheyenne villages, including one at Cedar Canyon north of the South Platte in Colorado Territory. Major Downing actively participated in the Sand Creek Massacre. In 1865, Downing provided legal counsel in the defense of Colonel Chivington during the military inquest.
Downing's career included a position as Probate Judge for Arapahoe County, Colorado. Prior to his death in 1907, Downing amassed considerable property in the Denver area, including a 2,000 acre ranch near Green Mountain where he grew alfalfa and raised shorthorn cattle and Arabian horses.
In 1911, Downing's widow Caroline donated a scalp lock taken by the Major at Sand Creek to the Colorado Historical Society. Ironically, Downing testified to the military commission in 1865, "I saw no soldier scalping anybody, but saw one or two bodies that had been scalped."
Did You Know?
There were about 675 Colorado troops at Sand Creek. Private Joseph Aldrich of Company F of the 1st Regiment, pictured below, was one of 18 to die. The first soldier to fall at Sand Creek was likely Private George Pierce, Company F, 1st Colorado Regiment. More...