2013 Fire Restirctions
Due to high fire danger, fire and smoking restrictions are now in effect on all National Park Service land in the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area. For details, please download the public notice or call 805-370-2301. More »
Update on Park Closures
All NPS trails are open at Rancho Sierra Vista/Satwiwa! Currently, this park site is only open sunrise to sunset.
Reptiles encompass a range of animals that include turtles, lizards, and snakes. Twenty-five species of reptiles inhabit the Santa Monica Mountains. They inhabit a variety of habitats, including chaparral, coastal sage scrub, grasslands, oak woodlands, and riparian areas.
Reptiles are referred to as "cold-blooded" (or ectothermic) animals because they cannot maintain their body heat. Instead, they rely on gathering and losing heat from the environment. On nice, warm days in the Santa Monica Mountains, a variety of reptiles, including Western fence lizards, side-blotched lizards, and Coastal whiptails, can be seen sunning on rocks or in the middle of dirt trails. An advantage of being "cold-blooded" is that it allows reptiles to survive on much less food than "warm-blooded" animals such as mammals and birds that need to burn much of their food for warmth.
Most reptiles are oviparous (egg-laying), although some are also capable of giving live birth. The southern Pacific rattlesnake is the only reptile in the Santa Monica Mountains that gives birth to live young.
The Mediterranean Coast Network Inventory & Monitoring program has identified terrestrial reptiles (and amphibians) as an indicator of ecosystem health. Monitoring the status of aquatic terrestrial reptiles and amphibians in the Santa Monica Mountains helps park managers detect population changes over a broad landscape area and lead to informed resource management decisions and actions. Learn more
Click here to download a checklist of the reptiles of the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area.
Did You Know?
A core group of dedicated National Park volunteers, often laboring in the hot sun, built a native plant nursery from the ground up in 2002. Native plants, from the common Ceanothus to the endangered Lyons pygmy daisy germinated in this volunteer-run nursery will help restore disturbed habitat.