Coastal Salt Marsh
Coastal salt marsh occurs nearest the ocean where perennial water flows from inland sources. Plants in this community are adapted to a high concentration of salt, very little wave action and oxygen-depleted soils. Succulence, usually associated with desert vegetation, is a common characteristic of plants growing on the coastal salt marsh. Some representative plants include pickleweed (Salcornia sp.), dodder (Cuscuta salina), salt grass (Distichlis spicata), and sea blite (Sueda californica). Examples of this type of plant community in the Santa Monica Mountains can be found around Malibu and Mugu Lagoons.
Of an estimated 26,000 acres of original coastal wetlands, occurring from Santa Barbara to the border with Mexico, approximately 8,500 acres remain. This represents a 67 percent reduction in this community type. The dramatic reduction in area makes this community especially important in the Santa Monica Mountains.
Did You Know?
Comprising 153,075 acres, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area is the world's largest urban national park. It has more area codes (5) and zip codes (26), including the notable 90210 zip code of Beverly Hills, than any other unit in the National Park System.