(Curtis White, NPS)
At least 27 species of plants are found within the wetland areas surrounding the Saugus River. Many of these plants are common throughout the marsh, such as narrow-leaved cattail. The tall wetland vegetation provides excellent habitat for nesting red-wing blackbirds and other bird species and breeding fish, such as the fourspine stickleback.
Wildflowers are also abundant throughout the year at Saugus Iron Works. Jack-in-the-pulpit, skunk cabbage, jewelweed, goldenrod, and several species of asters can be found throughout the historic site. Saugus Iron Works is also home to three species of fern: sensitive fern, cinnamon fern, and lady-fern.
Did You Know?
To help understand the exact age of the Iron Works House the National Park Service recruited the help of dendrochronologists. These scientists drilled out small sections of the framing of the house. By looking at the width and pattern of the trees growth rings and comparing it to other trees of the time it is now believed that the house was built around 1688 or 1689.