(Curtis White, NPS)
At least 27 species of plants are found within the wetland areas surrounding the Saugus River. Many of these plants are common throughout the marsh, such as narrow-leaved cattail. The tall wetland vegetation provides excellent habitat for nesting red-wing blackbirds and other bird species and breeding fish, such as the fourspine stickleback.
Wildflowers are also abundant throughout the year at Saugus Iron Works. Jack-in-the-pulpit, skunk cabbage, jewelweed, goldenrod, and several species of asters can be found throughout the historic site. Saugus Iron Works is also home to three species of fern: sensitive fern, cinnamon fern, and lady-fern.
Did You Know?
While walking around the Industrial Site you may see small holes that have been drilled into the wooden siding. Although these holes may look man-made, they are actually carved out by Eastern carpenter bees, which use them as a safe place to lay their eggs. You may also come across long, drilled out lines in the wood, a sign that woodpeckers have been searching for the carpenter bee larva.