• Saugus Iron Works Panorama

    Saugus Iron Works

    National Historic Site Massachusetts

Nonnative Species

Although Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site contains numerous species of native plants, animals, and other organisms, non-native species can be easily seen within the historic site. Many of the non-native species at Saugus Iron Works are classified as plants.

In 1996 and 1997, a plant inventory was conducted by the Brooklyn Botanic Garden to determine the plant diversity within the historic site. One hundred and sixty species of plants were identified within Saugus Iron Works. Of these 160 plant species, 59 are non-native and 11 of these 59 species are considered non-native and invasive.

Many species, such as the plants found in the Iron Works House 17th century herb garden, are considered non-native, because these plants are originally from Europe or Asia. However, these herbs are not classified as invasive, because they do not outcompete native plants for sunlight, water, nutrients, and habitat within Saugus Iron Works. Other non-native plant species, such as Norway maple (Acer platanoides) and common reed (Phragmites australis) are considered non-native and invasive because these plants are able to outcompete native plants. As non-native invasive plants continue to outcompete native ones, the populations and species of native plants start to decline.

In 2003, National Park Service staff conducted a survey of Norway maple, common reed, and other non-native invasive plants within the historic site. The primary goals of this survey were to identify which invasive plant species inhabit the site, determine the population densities of the invasive plant species, and map where the invasive plant species occur within the historic site. The survey identified and mapped 11 primary invasive plant species and listed an additional 31 secondary exotic plant species within Saugus Iron Works. This survey is currently being used by park staff to control and monitor the 11 primary non-native invasive plant species. This survey report may be downloaded in the "Related Information" section below.

Did You Know?

Painting by Don Trianti depicts the first National Guard muster that took place in late 1636/7. Civilian soldiers are in formation dressed in buff coats, helmets, and bandoliers. They drill with their muskets with smoke coming from the chimneys of their thatched-roof houses in the background.

On Thursday, January 10, 2013 President Obama signed into law HR1339 which designates Salem, Massachusetts as the birthplace of the National Guard. Future ironworks founder John Winthrop, Jr. was commissioned as Lieutenant Colonel of the East Regiment on March 9, 1636/7. The East Regiment included the communities of Salem, Saugus (changed to Lynn later in 1637), Ipswich, and Newbury.