Natural Features & Ecosystems
(Daniel Noon, NPS)
Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site contains many types of natural features. The most dominant of these features is the Saugus River, which flows through the middle of the historic site. The Atlantic Ocean, which is located approximately three miles downriver, plays an important role in the habitat and biodiversity within the Saugus River by regulating the level of salts and minerals in the water through changes in the tides.
Did You Know?
While walking around the Industrial Site you may see small holes that have been drilled into the wooden siding. Although these holes may look man-made, they are actually carved out by Eastern carpenter bees, which use them as a safe place to lay their eggs. You may also come across long, drilled out lines in the wood, a sign that woodpeckers have been searching for the carpenter bee larva.