• Saugus Iron Works Panorama

    Saugus Iron Works

    National Historic Site Massachusetts

Birds

Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site is the home of over 37 species of birds. The more common native bird species found here include the American crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos), American robin (Turdus migratorius), gray catbird (Dumetella carolinensis), yellow warbler (Dendroica petechia), common yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas), song sparrow (Melospiza melodia), northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis), and red-winged blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus). These bird species may be found in all three major habitat types within the historic site. These habitat types are broadly classified into landscaped areas, wetlands, and riparian woodlands.

Saugus Iron Works is also home to three species of non-native birds, including the rock dove or domestic pigeon (Columba livia), European starling (Sturnus vulgaris), and house sparrow (Passer domesticus). These bird species are native of the European continent.

Some of the native perching birds that spark the interest of park visitors include the barn swallow (Hirundo rustica), Baltimore oriole (Icterus galbula), and American goldfinch (Carduelis tristis).

Many species of birds can be seen occasionally within the Saugus River, including the mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), Canada goose (Branta canadensis), black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax), great blue heron (Ardea herodias), and belted kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon).

Saugus Iron Works also has two species of native woodpeckers: the downy woodpecker (Picoides pubescens) and northern flicker (Colaptes auratus).

Did You Know?

Painting by Don Trianti depicts the first National Guard muster that took place in late 1636/7. Civilian soldiers are in formation dressed in buff coats, helmets, and bandoliers. They drill with their muskets with smoke coming from the chimneys of their thatched-roof houses in the background.

On Thursday, January 10, 2013 President Obama signed into law HR1339 which designates Salem, Massachusetts as the birthplace of the National Guard. Future ironworks founder John Winthrop, Jr. was commissioned as Lieutenant Colonel of the East Regiment on March 9, 1636/7. The East Regiment included the communities of Salem, Saugus (changed to Lynn later in 1637), Ipswich, and Newbury.