• Saguaro Blooms Upclose


    National Park Arizona

There are park alerts in effect.
show Alerts »
  • Tucson Mountain District Roads Closed Due to Flash Flooding

    Several interior roads, including the scenic loop, are closed in Tucson Mountain District (west) due to severe storms and flash flooding on August 26th. Roads will remain closed until further notice. Check the park's facebook page for updated information More »

  • Labor Day Run - Rincon Mountain District Road Closure - Sept. 1st

    Due to the Annual Labor Day Run, Saguaro National Park's Rincon Mountain District Loop Drive will be closed from 4:00am to approx 10:30am on Sept. 1, 2014. Please be advised of vehicle congestion along roadsides when approaching the park during this time. More »

Spadefoot Toad

Couch's spadefoot

NPS photo

Couch’s Spadefoot (Scaphiopus couchii)

Couch’s spadefoot spends most of the year several feet underground in a dormant state protected from extreme temperatures and dryness. During summer rainstorms, the sound of thunder and rain prompts them to leave their burrows. Once above ground, they immediately start to feed, often choosing termites that also emerge during the summer rains. This might be the spadefoot’s only chance to eat until the next summer! If the storms produce enough water, they will also search for a mate (the male’s sheep-like call attracts the females), breed, and lay eggs in temporary pools and puddles. Adapted to an environment in which pools of water are short-lived, spadefoot eggs hatch in in about 15 hours, and tadpoles can develop into toadlets in as few as 9 days!

As dawn approaches, spadefoots use bony projections on their back feet (spades) to dig into the soil. Just under the soil’s surface, they await the next summer rain. When the summer rainy season come to a close, the spadefoots will dig deep under the soil and return to a dormant state.

Length: 2 ¼ -3 3/5 in. (5.7-9.1 cm)

Diet: Insects; mostly termites.

Did You Know?

Fairy Duster

March and April are the best months to view wildflowers in the Sonoran Desert. Popular flowers include the Mexican golden poppy, the Arizona penstemon, and the Fairy duster.