• The churches of San Antonio were the heart of the Spanish colonal mission communities.

    San Antonio Missions

    National Historical Park Texas

Air Quality

Park staff operating propane mower

Park staff operating propane mower

San Antonio Missions National Historical Park is within one of 16 air quality districts in Texas. The Clean Air Act, amended in 1990, provides that emission sources must comply with air quality standards and regulations that have been established by federal, state, and county regulatory agencies. San Antonio is a Class II area as it relates to the Clean Air Act, meaning that it is in an area with less ozone depletion potential than a Class I area.

Area air quality is considered good, except for ground-level ozone during the hot season (May through October). Ozone levels recorded in the San Antonio region have been elevated often enough that it is considered a “near nonattainment area,” (high risk for violation of federal air quality standards), and is expected to be designated nonattainment in the near future.

The park does not monitor air quality since this data is readily available from the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality and the Alamo Area Council of Governments. These agencies operate numerous air quality monitoring stations in the area and also provide other information related to air quality and ways to help mitigate problems. The park is doing our part through such things as using propane mowers instead of gasoline-burning models and encouraging staff and volunteers to take public transportation when possible.

Did You Know?

Longhorn cattle evolved from 3 breeds of cattle that the Spanish imported in the 18th century.

that Texas longhorn cattle evolved from 3 breeds the Spanish imported to the Americas in the 17th and 18th centuries? They were the barrenda or piebald, the retinto, and ganado prieto. Modern longhorn have long legs and a narrow body - perfectly suited to travel long distances in dry, harsh country.