• The churches of San Antonio were the heart of the Spanish colonal mission communities.

    San Antonio Missions

    National Historical Park Texas

Stories

First Person Documentation

The Spanish, both from the Church and the Government, were prolific and meticulous recorders of the events and activities that unfolded during their colonial period. While the National Park Service has access to many of these records, we know there are possibly thousands still waiting to be uncovered in the storerooms and archives of Spain and Mexico.

Following are some of the reports that have been translated into English. The originals in 18th century Spanish are available on microfiche at the park's headquarters.

1759 Report of Fr. Mariano Francisco de los Delores y Biana, Transcriber and Translator Rosalind Z. Rock, Ph.D, 2007
Glossary

1772 Inventory of Mission Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuna, Transcriber and Translator Rosalind Z. Rock, Ph.D, 2006

 

Did You Know?

Spanish mission vaquero herding cattle.

that the first cattle drives originated from the (San Antonio) Spanish missions in Texas? Vaqueros drove hundreds of cattle, sheep, and goats to Louisiana during the American War for Independence to supply American colonists. Spain's real intent was to weaken the British militarily and financially.