Several gateways provided entrance into the compounds of the walled communities. Bastions, or fortified towers, were located along the walls to provide defense. Living quarters were built inside, against the compound walls, for the Indian neophytes and Spanish soldiers, usually only one or two with their families. The Church was the focal point of the missions; the missionary lived in the convento. Workshops and storerooms dotted the grounds. Outside the walls were the croplands and ranches, and the danger of the Apache and Comanche.
Did You Know?
The church at Mission Concepción celebrated the 250th anniversary of its dedication in 2005? This is the only mission church in San Antonio, Texas, that never lost its roof or walls to age or neglect. As a result, remnants of colorful frescos still remain.