Native American Garden
Corn, beans and squash, also know as the ‘Three Sisters’, were the principal crops of Native American farmers in the northeast and had been planted together for at least 300 years by the time Europeans arrived.
Each family would plant about an acre of land. Small mounds would be created all over this acre, about three feet across and three feet apart (on center) and about 8 to 10 inches high. These mounds would be hoed up, so there was no extensive plowing or disturbance of the soil.
Grown together these crops are able to thrive and provide high-yield, high-quality food source with a minimal environmental impact and high nutritional value. One acre of land planted and farmed in this manner would produce a surplus of food for each family. This surplus of food is what the Wampanoag and Narragansett often traded with the early European settlers to New England.
When the corn, beans and squash are cooked together with additional protein from meat or fish, this misickquatash or succotash provides a completely balanced diet.
Development of farming encouraged the development of 'permanent' settled areas. In some areas in the Northeast this took the form of settled villages. In Southeastern New England, particularly the lands of the Wampanoag and Narragansett, because of the close and easy access to an abundance of fish and other coastal maritime resources, the permanent settled areas took the form of a more spread out ‘homeland’ with dispersed groups of dwellings and accompanying fields over a larger area. Women, who did most of the farming, were the anchors for communities that lived year-round in these settled areas.
Did You Know?
Did you know that Anne Hutchinson found refuge with Roger Williams in the Rhode Island Colony and went on to establish present day Portsmouth, Rhode Island? She was one of the first and only women to be a founder of a colony. More...