Trees and Shrubs
Richmond National Battlefield Park is home to a variety of tree and shrub communities, created by the parks varying environmental conditions, successional stage, historical land use patterns and present day management. These communities foster several uncommon and interesting tree and shrub populations.
By providing shelter, shade, food, and other key elements, trees and shrubs create valuable habitat for a variety of fauna. In addition, forest trees, throughout their successional stage, play a critical role in moderating the environment, and therefore the overall structure, of their woodland communities. For example, young forest trees allow more sunlight to reach the shrub and herbaceous layers, which respond by growing densely. As the forest matures, less light is allowed to reach the shrub and herbaceous layers and the dense growth is no longer supported. Richmond National Battlefield Park provides the opportunity to experience a wide variety of tree and shrub communities in various successional stages, which, in turn, create important habitat for a diversity of faunal communities.
Did You Know?
Of the 12,738 reported Federal casualties for the battle of Cold Harbor, nearly one in six belonged to a heavy artillery regiment. These units earned the nickname “Red Leg Infantry” because the facings on their uniforms were scarlet, rather than the regulation sky-blue of the regular infantry.