Springs and Seeps
Visitors to Richmond National Battlefield Park may encounter a wetland or stream community in an area where there is no apparent water source. These are known as seeps or seepage wetlands and occur in areas where soil type and terrain conditions allow groundwater to seep from the underlying water table. Seeps feed several larger creeks within the park where sandy soil, quickly sloping terrain, and a shallow water table combine to create the conditions necessary for a seep to occur. These creeks include Crewes' Channel at Malvern Hill, and Boatswain Creek at Gaines' Mill. Seeps help to maintain the quality of water in these streams by contributing clean water, recently filtered by underground soil and rock.
Did You Know?
Prior to the 1864 battle, some participants called the 1862 engagement at Gaines' Mill the battle of Cold Harbor. When the armies fought here a second time, Cold Harbor was used to name the later engagement.