Rivers and Streams
The park's many other units contain smaller streams that ultimately serve as tributaries to the James River. Beaverdam Creek, Boatswain Creek and Bloody Run, all located in the park's northern most units, empty into the Chickahominy River, which in turn, empties into the James. Crewes Channel and Western Run, both located at the park's Malvern Hill unit empty directly into the James. The park's many streams create excellent habitat for many species of fish and amphibians, as well as creating valuable wetlands, marshes, and ponds.
These rivers and streams contribute to Richmond National Battlefield Park's rich and diverse natural resources. In order to preserve these natural features, the park employs management tools such as forested riparian buffers whenever possible to reduce land use impacts on the park streams. These buffer zones, along with regular water quality monitoring, help to preserve the park ecosystem, along with the many downstream ecosystems within the James river watershed.
Did You Know?
The Confederate government hired slave labor from all around Virginia. The slaves helped build earthen fortifications for the protection of Richmond; the government paid the slaves' owners for their work.