• Gaines' Mill battlefield -- Watt House area

    Richmond

    National Battlefield Park Virginia

Freshwater Plants

Pickerelweed

Pickerelweed in bloom at Beaver Dam Creek

(NPS Photo)

The streams, ponds, and wetlands of Richmond National Battlefield Park provide excellent habitat for freshwater plant communities. Because of the park's geographic features and location, the majority of its freshwater habitats consist of slow moving streams and rivers. The reduced water speed in these systems allows the accumulation of sediment and plant propagules, while the upstream waters provide a steady supply of nutrients. This creates an ideal situation for a relatively diverse community of plants.

Riparian wetlands such as along Crewe's Channel at Malvern Hill, Boatswain creek at Gaines' Mill, and Beaver Dam Creek have little water movement, creating excellent opportunities for plant establishment. Beaver Dam Creek, although one of the park's smaller units, contains a rich wetland environment and a prime example of freshwater plant diversity. Visitors to Beaver Dam Creek may see such freshwater plants as arrowhead, marsh grasses, bladderwort, swamp rose, and many others.

The park's wetlands provide some of the most diverse habitat for both plants and animals. As a key component of this habitat, freshwater plants play an important role in the park ecosystem, and throughout the James River watershed, by purifying the water, providing protection for aquatic animals, and controlling erosion.

Did You Know?

A young woman writes a letter home for a wounded soldier.

Phoebe Yates Pember worked at Chimborazo Hospital as a matron, caring for the sick and wounded. Her memoirs, A Southern Woman’s Story are still in print and are considered to be among the finest pieces of Civil War literature.