• Gaines' Mill battlefield -- Watt House area

    Richmond

    National Battlefield Park Virginia

Fish

Pumpkinseed Sunfish

A pumpkinseed sunfish being measured and released in the fish inventory at Crewes Channel

(NPS Photo)

The park's many streams, such as Boatswain Creek, Beaver Dam Creek, Crewes' Channel and Western Run, provide habitat for at least 25 native fish species. Beaver activity and the topography of the land create many ponds and backwater areas along park streams. Their presence, along with the streams, provides a range of aquatic habitats, from swift moving water to shallow marshes.

This variety of habitat is critical for supporting the park's diverse fish populations. Species from the ubiquitous bluegill to the less common sea lamprey can be found in park streams. One particular highlight is the presence of ironcolor shiners (Notropis chalybaeus). Although scattered populations of ironcolors exist elsewhere in the coastal plain of Virginia, specimens found within the park represent the only known record of this species from the entire James River Drainage.

Richmond National Battlefield Park strives to maintain the dynamic hydrological processes that created its many riparian habitats to ensure that park waters will remain suitable homes for these native species.

Did You Know?

Jefferson Davis, Confederate President

During the 1862 battles before Richmond Confederate President Jefferson Davis personally visited several of the battlefields; at times coming under enemy fire. He saw action at Seven Pines, Beaver Dam Creek, Glendale and Malvern Hill.