• Gaines' Mill battlefield -- Watt House area


    National Battlefield Park Virginia

Union and Confederate positions along Totopotomoy Creek, May 30, 1864

Troop positions union in blue, confederate in red

Did You Know?

Sketch of black men building earthworks during the Civil War.

The Confederate government hired slave labor from all around Virginia. The slaves helped build earthen fortifications for the protection of Richmond; the government paid the slaves' owners for their work.