• Gaines' Mill battlefield -- Watt House area

    Richmond

    National Battlefield Park Virginia

Bibliography

Primary Sources

[1]: Major General Benjamin F. Butler, Army of the James (O.R. 88:1082-1088)

[2]: Major General Benjamin F. Butler, Army of the James (O.R. 88:1109)

[3]: Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, U.S. Army (O.R. 88:1091)

[4]: Itinerary of Army of the Potomac and Army of the James--Part 1 (O.R. 87:99)

[5]: Itinerary of Army of the Potomac and Army of the James--Part 2 (O.R. 87: 100)

[6]: Itinerary of Army of the Potomac and Army of the James--Part 3 (O.R. 87: 110)

[7]: Col. Joseph C. Abbot, 7th New Hampshire Infantry (O.R. 87:702-703)

[8]: Col. Alfred P. Rockwell, 6th Connecticut Infantry (O.R. 87:708)

[9]: Capt. Seager S. Atwell, 7th Connecticut Infantry (O.R. 87:712-713)

[10]: Maj. Frederick W. Prince, 16th New York Heavy Artillery (O.R. 87:715-716)

[11]: Lt. Col. James F. Randlett, 3rd New Hampshire Infantry (O.R. 87:719)

[12]: Lt. Col. Augustus W. Rollins, 7th New Hampshire Infantry (O.R. 87:726)

[13]: Brig. Gen. Robert S. Foster, Second Division (O.R. 87:760)

[14]: Lt. Col. Albert M. Barney, 142nd New York Infantry (O.R. 87:764)

[15]: Col. Galusha Pennypacker, 97th Pennsylvania Infantry (O.R. 87:766-767)

[16]: Col. Louis Bell, 4th New Hampshire Infantry (O.R. 87:769)

[17]: Col. James Shaw, 7th US Colored Troops (O.R. 87:772)

[18]: Capt. Edwin S. Babcock, 9th US Colored Troops (O.R. 87:774)

[19]: Lt. Col. Henry C. Ward, 29th Connecticut Colored Infantry (O.R. 87:778)

[20]: Maj. George E. Wagner, 8th US Colored Troops (O.R. 87:780)

[21]: Maj. Gen. O. C. Ord, XVIII Corps (O.R. 87:793)

[22]: Capt. Albert Janes, 22nd US Colored Troops (O.R. 87:817)

[23]: Col. Alonzo Draper, 36th US Colored Troops (O.R. 87:819-820)

[24]: Brig. Gen. John Gregg, CS Army, Gregg's Brigade (O.R. 87:934)

[25]: Diary of the First Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (O.R. 87:875)

[26]: 1st Lt. Peter S. Michie, U.S. Engineers (O.R. 87:661-662)

[27]: 1st Lt. Peter S. Michie, U.S. Engineers (O.R. 87:662-663)

[28]: 1st Lt. Peter S. Michie, U.S. Engineers (O.R. 87:664-665)

[29]: 1st Lt. Peter S. Michie, U.S. Engineers (O.R. 87:663-664)

[30]: 1st Lt. Peter S. Michie, U.S. Engineers (O.R. 87:666-667)

[31]: 1st Lt. Peter S. Michie, U.S. Engineers (O.R. 87:667-668)

[32]: 1st Lt. Peter S. Michie, U.S. Engineers (O.R. 87:668)

[33]: 1st Lt. Peter S. Michie, U.S. Engineers (O.R. 87:669)

[34]: 1st Lt. Peter S. Michie, U.S. Engineers (O.R. 87:671)

[35]: The Negro as a soldier; written by Christian A. Fleetwood, late sergeant-major 4th U. S. Colored Troops, for the Negro congress, at the Cotton States and International Exposition, Atlanta, Ga., November 11 to November 23, 1895. Pub. by Prof. Geo. Wm. Cook. (Daniel Murray Pamphlet Collection, Library of Congress, Call Number, E185.63 .F59

[36]: Diary of Joseph J. Scroggs (State University of New York at Brockport), entry of Sept. 29, 1864.

Did You Know?

Civil War era photograph of Thadeus Lowe's balloon Intrepid being inflated on the battlefield.

The battle of Gaines' Mill outside of Richmond, Virginia, was the first Civil War battle where both sides got help from above--in the form of observation balloons.