Shiloh National Military Park

Shiloh Battlefield - Albert Sidney Johnston Monument

Modern photograph of Albert Sidney Johnston mortuary marker
Monument marking the site of Albert Sidney Johnston's mortal wounding
Carol M. Highsmith Archive, Library of Congress

Quick Facts

Location:
Shiloh, TN
Significance:
Marks the site of the death of Albert Sidney Johnston, Confederate commander at the Battle of Shiloh
Designation:
National Park, National Register of Historic Places

The monument here marks the site where the Confederate commander, Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, was found mortally wounded at 2 p.m. on April 6. That afternoon, Johnston ordered his reserves to go into action and advance on the right flank in an attempt to drive a wedge between the Federal troops and their base of supplies at Pittsburg Landing. He also hoped to make it impossible for reinforcements to come to Grant's assistance from across the river. While personally directing his reserves, he was struck in the right leg by a Minie ball, possibly fired by his own troops, which cut the large artery.

At the time General Johnston was struck, he was sitting on his horse, "Fire-eater," underneath the large oak tree now enclosed by an iron fence. He was taken to the ravine about 100 yards south of this monument. There he died from loss of blood a few minutes later, ironically with an unused tourniquet in his pocket. Johnston was the highest ranking officer killed in combat during the Civil War and remains the highest-ranking American military officer ever to be killed in action. After his death, command of the Confederate army passed to General P.G. T. Beauregard.

This monument is one of five on the Shiloh battlefield that were erected in 1902 by the United States government to pay tribute to and mark the spot where the highest ranking officers were killed in the Battle of Shiloh. At each corner of the concrete base is a pyramid of 8" shells and in the center is a 30 pdr. Parrott tube mounted vertically bearing a bronze plaque with the inscription and capped by a 12 pdr. shell.