Antietam National Battlefield

Antietam Battlefield - Mumma Farm

Modern photo of Mumma Farm
Mumma Farm
Civil War Trust

Quick Facts

Location:
Sharpsburg, MD
Significance:
Only civilian property intentially destroyed during the Battle of Antietam
Designation:
National Park, National Register of Historic Places, HABS/HAER/HALS

At the time of the Battle of Antietam, the Mumma family had owned and successfully operated a farm near Sharpsburg for more than a quarter of a century. Two days before the Battle of Antietam, Samuel and Elizabeth Mumma and their 13 children evacuated their home. When they returned on September 19, they found only the smoking remains of their house, barn and outbuildings. They later learned that during the early stage of the battle, Confederates positioned in the vicinity were ordered to set the Mumma house on fire in order to prevent Union soldiers from utilizing it as a sharpshooter position. This was the only deliberate destruction of civilian property during the battle. Though they filed a claim with the federal government to be reimbursed for the damage, their claim was denied, as the damages were caused by Confederate, not Union, troops. The year after the battle, the Mummas rebuilt their farm, which still stand today.