President's Park (White House)

The White House

Photo of the south façade of the White House in 1861
The south façade of the White House in 1861
National Park Service

Quick Facts

Location:
Washington, DC
Significance:
The White House was home to Abraham Lincoln and his family from 1861 to 1865
Designation:
National Park, National Historic Landmark, HABS/HAER/HALS

As the official residence of the President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln and his family occupied what was then known officially as the President's House from 1861 until his death in 1865. From this place Lincoln planned and directed the actions of Union forces in the Civil War; met with advisors, dignitaries, and common citizens; composed speeches and enjoyed some semblance of family life. His son Willie died here in 1862 and he delivered his last public speech from a balcony of the north façade.