• NCR Regional Archeology Program

    NCR Regional Archeology Program

    WashingtonD.C.

Archeology at Antietam

The Effect of Battle on an Agrarian Landscape:
Battle in the North Woods

Union soldier statue, Antietam National Battlefield.

Union soldier statue, Antietam National Battlefield.

At dawn on September 17, 1862, elements of General Hooker's First Corps advanced from their bivouacs north of the woods, southward through the North Woods, past the D. R. Miller farmhouse, to the Cornfield beyond. The Union advance was under small arms fire from skirmishers at the Miller farm, which supposedly constituted the northernmost advance of southern troops. The Union advance through the North Woods was also under artillery fire from Colonel S. D. Lee's batteries, near the Dunker Church to the south, and Major John Pelham's batteries on Nicodemus Hill, to the west. The intensity of the attack increased as the First Corps approached and was engaged in the Cornfield. Throughout the morning of the battle, the North Woods was held and used by Union forces as a staging area for the intense fighting to the south. In the late morning, the North Woods became a refuge for the surviving elements and wounded of the First and Second Corps returning from the devastation in the Cornfield and West Woods.


Maps of Artifacts Recovered from the North Woods

An assortment of Union dropped bullets.

Map of all military artifacts recovered from the North Woods. Click image to learn more.

An assortment of Confederate fired bullets.

Map of fired small arms bullets. Click image to learn more.

An assortment of Confederate fired bullets.

Map of dropped small arms bullets. Click image to learn more.



Union and Confederate Bullets Recovered from North Woods

An assortment of Union dropped bullets.

An assortment of Union dropped bullets. Click to learn more.

An assortment of Confederate fired bullets.

An assortment of Confederate fired bullets. Click to learn more.



Modified Bullets


Intro   |   Farmsteads   |   North Woods  |   Visualization