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National Historic Landmark (No Park Established)
Park Option A
Park Option B Park Option C Park Option D Park Option E
 
Modify existing Truk Underwater Fleet National Historic Landmark boundary to include only the lagoon waters in the immediate vicinity of the sunken wrecks.
Utilize the modified national historical landmark boundary to establish Truk Lagoon State Historical Park administered by Truk State.
Utilize the modified national historical landmark boundary to establish a Truk Lagoon Historical Park administered by the national government of the Federated States of Micronesia (with the concurrence of Truk State).
Utilize the modified national historical landmark boundary to establish a Truk Lagoon State Historical Park in association with the U. S. National Park Service. Add to national historic park area examples of significant World War II features found on the islands within Truk Lagoon and establish a Truk Lagoon National Historical Park administered by the national government of the Federated States of Micronesia. Add to national historic park area examples of the most significant World War II features found on the islands within Truk Lagoon in association with the U. S. National Park Service.
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Protection of nationally significant historic area
All undertakings within the newly defined landmark boundary funded by U. S. or FSM must be reviewed to mitigate any potential damage to the landmark.
State park designation would likely add an additional level of protection to the area. National park status and management is known world-wide as the best guarantee to preserve significant historic areas in perpetuity. National park status and management is known world-wide as the best guarantee to preserve significant historic areas in perpetuity. National park status and management is known world-wide as the best guarantee to preserve significant historic areas in perpetuity. National park status and management is known world-wide as the best guarantee to preserve significant historic areas in perpetuity.
Protection of terrestrial resources
Not applicable.
Not applicable. Not applicable. Not applicable. National park status and management is known world-wide as the best guarantee to protect historical resources. National park status and management is known world-wide as the best guarantee to protect historical resources.
Protection of marine resources No effect (unless directly related to sunken wrecks). State park designation would likely specify that marine resources must also be protected. National park status and management is known world-wide as the best guarantee to preserve marine resources. National park status and management is known world-wide as the best guarantee to preserve marine resources. Not applicable. Not applicable.
Education, interpretation, or explanation of underwater fleet to residents and visitors None. To the extent they are willing and able, commercial dive operators would provide this service. State park guides would offer some visitor interpretation and orientation. National park history guides would offer visitor interpretation. National park history guides would offer visitor interpretation. National park history guides on Moen, Dublon, and Eten would offer visitor interpretation. National park history guides on Moen, Dublon, and Eten would offer visitor interpretation.
Tourism Identifies nationally significant historic sites for protection. Designation draws some visitors to Truk and entice all to stay longer. Designates a visitor attraction and provides additional information to tourists. Results in some people staying longer to visit. Designates a visitor attraction and provides information to tourists. Results in some people visiting Truk and others staying longer to visit the national park. Designates a visitor attraction primarily for divers and snorkelers; provides information, interpretive services to tourists. Results in some people visiting Truk and others staying longer to enjoy the national park. Designates a national park which attracts visitors who are not only interested in diving on sunken wrecks, but in exploring World War II sites and features remaining on the islands of Truk. Results in more people visiting Truk and the FSM. Designates a national park which attracts visitors who are not only interested in diving on sunken wrecks, but in exploring World War II sites and features remaining on the islands of Truk. Results in more people visiting Truk and the FSM.
U. S. financial assistance for park operations No potential No potential No potential If the Federated States of Micronesia, with the concurrence of Truk State, would agree to establish a national park in association with NPS to preserve a place of great importance in U. S. history, then a compelling case can be made for the U. S. to assist with operations costs. No potential If the Federated States of Micronesia, with the concurrence of Truk State, would agree to establish a national park with their lands in association with the NPS to preserve a place of great importance in U. S. history, then a compelling case can be made for the U. S. to assist with operations costs.
Historic preservation fund grant assistance from U. S. The Truk Lagoon Underwater Fleet National Historic Landmark, a national register site, is eligible for grant funding. This national historic landmark, a national register site, is eligible for grant funding. This national historic landmark, a national register site, is eligible for grant funding. This national historic landmark, a national register site, is eligible for grant funding. No effect.
Financial assistance from FSM national government for park operations None Unlikely High potential for some financial assistance. High potential High potential High potential
Removal of artifacts from World War II sunken wrecks No effect. State park designation would increase the possibility of funding park personnel to patrol the park area. Establishment of a national park by FSM would likely mean some funding to permit occasional patrolling of the park area. Establishment of a national park in association with the U. S. National Park Service would likely result in funding to permit regular patrolling of the park area. Establishment of a national park by FSM would mean these sites and features would receive additional protection. Establishment of a national park in association with the U. S. National Park Service would mean these sites and features would receive additional protection.
Existing recreation use No effect. No effect. Some effect. Commercial dive operators would continue to provide this service. National Park regulations would be developed to protect park resources and ensure visitor safety. Commercial dive opertors would receive assistance in regulating recreation use of the park area. Park designation for these sites would likely mean more visits by tourists. Park designation for these sites would likely mean more visits by tourists.
Job opportunities for local residents No effect. This would create a few jobs for local people and provide some intermittent pay for local guides. This would create several jobs for local people. This would create several jobs for local people. This would create more jobs for local people. This would create more jobs for local people.
Subsistance fishing by local people No effect. Probably no effect. No effect; although some guidelines might be developed to ensure subsistence fishing craft and commercial dive operators not interfere with each other. No effect; although guidelines would be developed to ensure that the safety of park visitors and subsistence fishermen not be jeopardized. No effect. No effect.
Building construction --residential or commercial structures Not applicable. Not applicable. Not applicable. Not applicable. Buildings and structures for non-park purposes within a park are not normally allowed. Buildings and structures within a park and unrelated to the park master plan are not normally allowed.
National pride Landmark designation of Truk Lagoon has called attention to the significance of this place. A park of this stature merits substantial local pride for residents. A national park merits substantial pride for FSM. A park of this stature merits substantial local pride for FSM. A park to protect the integrity of the sunken World War II wrecks and preserve war ruins on the islands of Moen, Dublon, and Feten would be a source of great pride for all FSM citizens. A national park to preserve a sampling of the war ruins on the islands of Moen, Dublon, and Eten would be a source of great pride for all FSM citizens.
Permanence or long-term stability of this option May be redesignated or abolished by Historic Preservation Office, FSM. May be abolished by the government of Truk State. Can only be abolished by the national government of the Federated States of Micronesia and dependent upon future funding by the national government. National park status is known to provide the greatest assurance of permanence. Can only be redesignated or abolished by the national government and dependent upon future funding by the national government. National park status is known to provide the greatest assurance of permanence.
TABLE L. EFFECTS OF PARK MANAGEMENT OPTIONS TO PROTECT THE WRECKS
OF TRUCK LAGOON AND OTHER WORLD WAR II RELATED SITES