Striking farm workers hold a demonstration on a lettuce field, Salinas, California, 1970.
Original photo courtesy of Walter P. Reuther Library.
Final Cesar Chavez Special Resource Study Transmitted to Congress
The National Park Service is pleased to announce the completion of the
Cesar Chavez Special Resource Study. The Secretary of the Interior transmitted the final study to Congress on October 24, 2013.
The NPS initiated this special resource study in spring 2011 and published the Draft Cesar Chavez Special Resource Study and Environmental Assessment in October 2011. Comments received on the draft study report are reflected in the final study findings and the selected alternative.
The final study report is available at:
The final study report includes determinations about the eligibility
of study area as a unit of the national park system, and it includes the “selected alternative” recommended to Congress by the Secretary of the Interior.
The alternative recommended to Congress is the National Park Service Director’s most effective and efficient alternative for the
long-term protection and public enjoyment of nationally significant resources. The most effective and efficient alternative
identified by the study provides for the establishment of a national historical park as a new unit of the national park system and
a voluntary national network of sites and programs that tell the story of Cesar Chavez and the farm labor movement.
National Historical Park
Under the selected alternative, five sites would be included in the new national historical park:
- The Forty Acres National Historic Landmark, Delano, CA
- Filipino Community Hall, Delano, CA
- Nuestra Señora Reina de la Paz, Keene, CA (César E. Chávez National Monument, established October 2012)
- McDonnell Hall, San Jose, CA
- The Santa Rita Center, Phoenix, AZ.
Park sites would remain in existing ownership, although they could be acquired by the NPS over time. Management would occur
through collaborative processes such as cooperative agreements and memoranda of understanding.
Network of Sites Associated with Cesar Chavez and the Farm Labor Movement
The NPS would also establish a voluntary national network of sites and programs that tell the story of Cesar Chavez and the farm labor movement. The network would help preserve
resources and tell important stories outside of the national historical park.
César E. Chávez National Monument
The new César E. Chávez National Monument, established on October 8, 2012 (i.e., after the
development of this selected alternative), is compatible with the study’s selected alternative, and could easily be
incorporated into a broader national historical park. Learn
more about the César E. Chávez National Monument. Visit the national monument website:
Overview of Final Study Recommendations
Sites associated with Cesar Chavez and the Farm Labor Movement are eligible as a unit of the national park system based on the
NPS special resource study criteria. The study findings include:
- The study team evaluated over 100 sites significant to Cesar Chavez and/or the farm labor movement in the western United States.
Of these sites, five have been found to be nationally significant: the Forty Acres National Historic Landmark ( (NHL) Delano, CA);
Filipino Community Hall (Delano, CA); Nuestra Senora Reina de la Paz NHL (Keene, CA); the Santa Rita Center (Phoenix, AZ) and the
1966 Delano to Sacramento march route. The 1966 Delano to Sacramento march route also meets eligibility criteria for designation as a national historic trail.
- The nationally significant sites associated with Cesar Chavez and the farm labor movement in the western United States depict a distinct and important aspect of American history associated with civil rights and labor movements that is not adequately represented or
protected elsewhere and are therefore suitable for inclusion in the National Park System.
- A partnership-based national park unit or technical assistance program which provides opportunities for collaborative management to protect cultural resources, provide public access, interpretation, and educational opportunities at certain sites associated with the life of Cesar
Chavez and the farm labor movement is a feasible addition to the national park system.
- There is a need for NPS management to achieve partnership-based protection of significant resources and enhanced visitor appreciation of the important resources
and stories associated with the life of Cesar Chavez and the farm labor movement.